Social & Emotional Development:
8 to 12 years - Peers become more and more important to children within this age band can bequite devastating when their friends turn their back on them. Children tend to play in same sexpeer groups. It is most important to these children they are accepted by their peers. They longto be part of the group or team and will strive for acceptance by mimicking their friends’attitudes, language clothes and style. However, they can still be comfortable being alone.13 to 16 years - Young people continue to need time with their friends.They will have a strongsense of what is fair and right, although will continue to need good role models to help thenmake the right decisions. Strong bonds are formed with their peers and often, emotionalattachments are made with girlfriends and boyfriends.
8 to 16 years - Behaviour within this age band can swing from growing maturity to childishbehaviour quickly and easily. Hormonal changes can bring about moodiness and outbursts.However, children of this age are generally more able to describe how they feel and will havedeveloped strategies to deal with their feelings.They will have a strong sense of fairness andwill feel that it is important to stick to the rules.They may experience conflict between theirparents’ moral values and those of their peers. This can lead to difficulty as the influences oftheir peer groups become more important to them than the influences of their families.As theystrive for independence, young people may appear to be breaking the rules. Adults need to letthem make their own decisions as far as possible so that they learn to be responsible forthemselves.Puberty - Puberty is a stage in a person’s life when they grow from being a child to being anadult. Changes occur physically, psychologically and emotionally, sometimes in a very short spaceof time. For this reason, it can be a very confusing time in a young person’s life. He or she mayfeel too embarrassed to talk to anyone about what is happening to them.Sometimes theirparents feel too embarrassed to explain what is happening.Because puberty is a stage in aperson’s development, there is no fixed time when it will occur. Usually, a child will begin pubertybetween the ages of 11 and 1 4, but it can happen earlier or later.Mood swings, rebellion and non-communication are common in young people going through puberty. An understanding attitude isnecessary when helping young people through this time in their lives.Young people will need:- someone who will listen without judging them- somewhere to get advice, guidance and information anonymously- good role models in the adults around them, demonstrating healthy lifestyles and attitudes- structure and routine to help them to feel secure when they feel uncertainty in other areas oftheir lives.