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Child Development Age 8 to 16

Child Development Age 8 to 16

Ratings: (0)|Views: 5,140|Likes:
Published by Doodah2
STLS NVQ CCLD NVQ Child Delevopment 8-16 years
STLS NVQ CCLD NVQ Child Delevopment 8-16 years

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Published by: Doodah2 on Jun 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Child development age 8 to 16
Physical development:
8 to 12 years - Initially, physical growth and changes to the body slow right down in thisage band, compared with the speed of physical development up to the age of 5. Childrenwill become more agile and adept. They will become more co-ordinated. Their muscles andbones will strengthen and many will enjoy becoming involved in particular sports —football, rugby, tennis, dance and swimming, for example. With regular coaching, theskills needed for them will become more refined.As their emotional and social skillscontinue to develop, children in this age band usually enjoy being part of a team and willparticipate in team games and sports with enthusiasm.It is important that childrencontinue to stay active and fit. There will be more distractions from an active lifestyleas they become interested in games consoles and TV and DVDs/videos. Practitionersshould aim to balance these interests with physical activity for all children. This mayinvolve working with them to help them discover which sports or activity interests themmost.Fine motor skills become far more refined, with handwriting becoming joined andfluent. Towards the end of this age band, puberty may begin. This marks the beginningof their transition from childhood to adulthood, a process which will affect their bodiesand minds. Some children will enter puberty before the age of 11, although most willbetween the ages of 11 and 13 years.13 to 16 years - The teenager’s body continues to change rapidly as he or she goesthrough puberty. Many will experience growth spurts, and physical activity continues tobe important to maintain bone and muscle strength and physical fitness. With growthspurts may come and an increased need to rest and it is therefore not unreasonable for young people to lie in when they have the opportunity.Curiosity about sexual matters willusually begin and accurate information and sources of advice and guidance should bereadily available. Young people of this age may begin to rebel against authority, and thismight show itself through refusal to take showers, clean teeth, etc. However, althoughthey may not admit it, young people still feel more secure within structured routines.
Social & Emotional Development:
8 to 12 years - Peers become more and more important to children within this age band can bequite devastating when their friends turn their back on them. Children tend to play in same sexpeer groups. It is most important to these children they are accepted by their peers. They longto be part of the group or team and will strive for acceptance by mimicking their friends’attitudes, language clothes and style. However, they can still be comfortable being alone.13 to 16 years - Young people continue to need time with their friends.They will have a strongsense of what is fair and right, although will continue to need good role models to help thenmake the right decisions. Strong bonds are formed with their peers and often, emotionalattachments are made with girlfriends and boyfriends.
8 to 16 years - Behaviour within this age band can swing from growing maturity to childishbehaviour quickly and easily. Hormonal changes can bring about moodiness and outbursts.However, children of this age are generally more able to describe how they feel and will havedeveloped strategies to deal with their feelings.They will have a strong sense of fairness andwill feel that it is important to stick to the rules.They may experience conflict between theirparents’ moral values and those of their peers. This can lead to difficulty as the influences oftheir peer groups become more important to them than the influences of their families.As theystrive for independence, young people may appear to be breaking the rules. Adults need to letthem make their own decisions as far as possible so that they learn to be responsible forthemselves.Puberty - Puberty is a stage in a person’s life when they grow from being a child to being anadult. Changes occur physically, psychologically and emotionally, sometimes in a very short spaceof time. For this reason, it can be a very confusing time in a young person’s life. He or she mayfeel too embarrassed to talk to anyone about what is happening to them.Sometimes theirparents feel too embarrassed to explain what is happening.Because puberty is a stage in aperson’s development, there is no fixed time when it will occur. Usually, a child will begin pubertybetween the ages of 11 and 1 4, but it can happen earlier or later.Mood swings, rebellion and non-communication are common in young people going through puberty. An understanding attitude isnecessary when helping young people through this time in their lives.Young people will need:- someone who will listen without judging them- somewhere to get advice, guidance and information anonymously- good role models in the adults around them, demonstrating healthy lifestyles and attitudes- structure and routine to help them to feel secure when they feel uncertainty in other areas oftheir lives.

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