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Physics Laws and Principles

Physics Laws and Principles

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Published by: Frenzie Mae Vasquez Rivera on Jun 19, 2010
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05/14/2013

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LAW OF INERTIA
“Bodies experiencing balanced forces will not move,else they will move with constant velocity”
LAW OF ACCELERATION
“The sum of all unbalanced forced acting on a body isproportional to the acceleration experienced by thebody”
LAW OF INTERACTION
“When a body exerts a force on another body, the otherbody exerts a force that is equal in magnitude as thefirst but has an opposite direction”
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY 
“The total amount of energy in an isolated systemremains constant”
IMPULSE-MOMENTUM THEOREM
“An impulse may also be regarded as the change inmomentum of an object to which force is applied”
THE LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM
“The total momentum of any group of objects remainsthe same unless outside forces acts on objects”
UNIVERSAL LAW OF GRAVITATION
“The force of attraction between a pair of objects in theuniverse is directly proportional to the product of theirmasses but is inversely proportional to the square of the separation”
LAW OF ELLIPSES
“Planets follow optical orbits with the sun on onefocus.”
LAW OF AREAS
“The line joining the sun and any one of the planets willsweep out equal areas in equal times”
LAW OF PERIODS
“The period of revolution of a planet is proportional tothe 3/2 powers of the distance between the planet andthe sun.”
PASCAL’S PRINCIPLE
“A change in pressure of an enclosed incompressiblefluid is conveyed undiminished to every part of the fluidand to the surfaces of its container”
ARCHIMEDES’ PRINCIPLE
“The magnitude of the upward force, buoyant force, isequal to theweight of the displaced volume of fluid”
TORRICELLI’S LAW“T
he speed of efflux of a fluid through a sharp-edgedhole at the bottom of a tank filled to a depth is thesame as the speed that a body (in this case a drop of water) would acquire in falling freely from a height.”
ZEROTH LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
“If A is in thermodynamic equilibrium as B, and if B is inthermodynamic equilibrium as C, then A isthermodynamic equilibrium as C.”
FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
“Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. It canonly change forms. In any process, the total energy of the universe remains the same.”
SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
“Theentropyof anisolated systemnot inequilibrium  will tend to increase over time, approaching amaximum value at equilibrium.”
THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
“As temperature approachesabsolute zero,theentropy  of a system approaches a constant minimum.”
WORK-ENERGY THEOREM
“The energy associated with the work done by the netforce does not disappear after the net force is removed(or becomes zero), it is transformed into the KineticEnergy of the body.”
LENZ’S LAW
"The Induced current is such as to OPPOSE the CHARGEin applied field."
PARTICLE THEORY OF LIGHT
“Light is made up of little particles.”“They obey the same laws of physics as other masseslike baseballsand planets.”“They are tiny so the particles in two intersectingbeams do notscatter off each other.”
QUANTUM THEORY OF LIGHT
“Both
 
light and matter consists of tiny particles whichhave wavelike properties
 
associated with them”
HOOKE’S LAW
Stress is directly proportional to strain, but ONLY up toa limit called the proportionality constant”
SNELL’S LAW
“The ratio of the Sines of the angles of incidence and of refraction is a constant that depends on the media”
OHM’S LAW
“The
 
law of physics that states that electric current isdirectly proportional to the voltage applied to aconductor and inversely proportional to thatconductor's resistance”
COULOMB’S LAW
“alaw of electricity stating that the force of attractionor repulsion between two electric charges isproportional to their product and inversely proportionalto the square of the distance between them
LAW OF INDUCTION
 The inducedelectromotive forceor EMF in any closedcircuit is equal to the time rate of change of themagnetic fluxthrough the circuit.”
PRINCIPLES OF SPECIAL RELATIVITY 
1. The laws of nature are valid inertial frames of reference2. The speed of light is constant for all observers ininertial frames of reference. There cannot be a speedgreater that the speed of light.
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF THERMALENERGY 
“The amount of thermal energy that an object gives off to the other object is equal to the thermal energy thatthe other object receives.”
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF CHARGE
“The number of electron loss in a body is equal to theamount of the electrons gained by the other objectclose to the first.”
PRINCIPLE OF SIMULTANEITY 
“Events that are simultaneous in an inertial frame of reference are not simultaneous in another frame of reference.
FUNDAMENTAL LAW OF NATURE
“Like charges repel, unlike charges attract.”
LAW OF SUPERPOSITION
“Two or more waves combine to form a new one.”
LAW OF REFLECTION
“The angle of reflection is equal to the angle of incidence”

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