Cargo Handling Safety
1. Why cargo gear should be inspected visually before the start of cargo operation?
All cargo handling gears should be inspected before the cargo operation is commenced to ensurethat all gears are in good working condition in order to prevent any accident and/or damage tocargo, ship, and/or injuries and loss of human lives.
2. Why SWL of equipment should never be exceeded?
Safe Working Load (SWL) is the allowable load of block, wires, ropes, derrick booms, crane jibs,hooks and lifting beams. Therefore, the SWL of the equipment should not be exceeded, otherwise,the safety of cargoes and the crew will be jeopardized.
3. Explain the importance of frequently checking cargo gears during cargo operation.
During cargo operation process, routine inspections on all cargo gears must be conducted for anysign of wear and tear. If found defective, cargo operations are immediately stopped and correctiveactions and preventive maintenance must be carried out.
4. Why a mechanically or hydraulically operated hatch should be close or opened byships crew under the supervision of a responsible office?
When operating hydraulic hatch, opening or closing it should be done with the presence of aresponsible officer for safety purposes.
Care of Cargo During the Voyage
1. Why lashing of cargoes shall be checked and tightened everyday?
Cargo lashings should be checked and tightened everyday for security and safety purposes. Whenthe ship is put to sea, it is subject to external forces, which result in six modes of motion. Cargostowed on deck is also exposed to the forces of wind and of seas breaking on deck. If the cargo isinsufficiently secured, it may move freely and be damaged or cause damage to other cargo or to theships structure and fittings due to the motion of the ship at sea. Cargo stowed on deck withinsufficient lashings may be lost at sea in adverse weather. It may be washed overboard, causingloss to its owner, possibly damage to the marine environment, and hazard to people when it washesup on a beach.
2. Explain the proper action to take to prevent condensation.
Condensation can occur when the ship passes from cold to warmer climates. Warmer outside air, bythe process of ventilation, will in all probability, deposit its moisture on the cooler cargo within theship. If the temperature of the cargo is below the dew point of the external atmosphere and air isadmitted to the holds, condensation on the cargo will surely result. As to prevent this to happen,proper ventilation is required.