3Although males still commit a majority of violent acts; evidence indicates femalesare becoming more violent. From 1991 to 1995, female juvenile arrests increased 34 per-cent, compared to a nine percent increase among male juveniles.
Males generallycommit more violent crimes, and prevalence rates increase with age for males throughoutadolescence. In contrast, violence among female juveniles generally peaks at age 15 andthen declines.
Juvenile victims of violence
Another aspect of violence that affects today’s youth is violent victimization. TheNational Crime Victimization Survey found that almost 12 percent of all adolescentsclaimed to be victims of violent crime (aggravated assault, rape and robbery) in 1994.
The number of juvenile homicide victims has increased by 82 percent since 1984,with the majority of the increase being attributed to firearm related homicides. Firearm-related homicides nearly tripled since1984, while the number of homicidesnot involving guns remained level.In 1994, seven juveniles per daywere murdered. Fifty-three percentof those were ages 15-17 and 30percent were younger than six yearsold. One in five of those juvenilesmurdered were killed by another juvenile.
Juveniles are most likelyto victimize other juveniles (ages 12-19) in other violent crimes as well.
Other crimes of adolescentviolent victimization includephysical, sexual, and emotionalabuse by a caretaker (i.e. parents, daycare workers, etc.). According to the NationalStudy of the Incidence and Prevalence of Child Abuse and Neglect, 0.84 percent of chil-dren under 18 were harmed by abuse.
Of those children who are abused
, half are abusedphysically; one-third are abused emotionally; and one-fifth are abused sexually.
In the school setting, victimization has remained stable since 1989.
The Students’ Report of School Crime: 1989 and 1995,
a study of both public and private school stu-dents released by the federal government, found the level of students who claimed to bevictims of crime at school in 1989 remained stable in 1995 (14.5 percent in 1989 com-pared to 14.6 percent in 1995). Also, compared to1989, there was only a slight increase in1995 in the percentage of students who reported violent victimization at school (3.4 per-cent to 4.2 percent).
Students Reporting CriminalVictimization at School
Students’ Reports of School Crime
, NationalCenter for Education Statistics