accomplish some communicative purpose. So the interpretation of illocutionary act isconcerned with force. The last one is
that procedures some effects uponthe thoughts, feelings, or actions of the audience. Moreover, illocutionary are the mostimportant act that is given attention to. Austin (1962: 151) classifies illocutionary forcaeinto verdictives, exertives, commissives, expressive and declaratives for illuctionary act.English language is a kind of language. Absolutely English language has a kind of speech, act and anything else that was described above. Learn about English language isnot only learn about that language only but also about the literature. As we know literatureis a part of language that cannot be separated each other. Hudson (1965:10) says thatliterary work talks about the expression of life that uses a form of language. It describes theconditions and the problems of society and the experience of someone as an individualthrough the medium of language. More over literary language has its own characteristic.They are (1) the world is highly connotative. In delivering the idea, the writer does not usedirect language; (2) the language has its expressive and pragmatic sides which always needinterpretation from the readers. Novel as literary work has its own real life. It’s a form of literature which looks at people in society. A novelist frequently focuses on the tensions between individuals andthe society in which they live, presenting characters that are in the society. Novels,however, are long works with a great amount of details in every page in order to give thereaders a picture to recognize the complex reality of character or event in the story (Peck and Cole: 1988). In other words the details give the clear picture about story as well as thediscourse. Discourse here means the language and texture of the writing novel.In Jonathan Livingston Seagull’s novel
The Why Are You Here Café
, thecharacters’ speech acts are vivid and interesting to study. The main characters in this novelalways communicate in a certain context. His speeches influence others and create someactions that are the consequences of his communication. The process of communicationgoes interactively and may lead to the successful one as well as the opposite one. Throughthis speech event the performances of illocutionary act and perlocutionary act can beidentified as well as analyzed. Besides, the writer often imitates real life speech. Theresearcher chooses to describe performance of the acts indirectly as if it is being overhead by another character. Such speech may come out no as if being said by the first character but as if being heard by another.