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(eBook) - Mathematics Applied Advanced Calculus

(eBook) - Mathematics Applied Advanced Calculus

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Published by Parisi&Leão

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Published by: Parisi&Leão on Jun 20, 2010
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10/27/2011

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MATH 2F05(APPLIED ADVANCED CALCULUS)LECTURE NOTES (First semester)
JAN VRBIK
 
2
 
3
Contents
1 Prerequisites 5
A few high-school formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Polynomials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Exponentiation and logarithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Geometric series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Trigonometric formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Solving equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Di
ff 
erentiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Basic limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Matrices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Complex numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
I ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 15
General review of di
ff 
erential equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2 First-Order Di
ff 
erential Equations 19
Trivialequation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Separable equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Scale-independent equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Linear equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Bernoulli equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Exact equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25More exoticequations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3 Second Order Di
ff 
erential Equations 33
Reducible to
rst order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Linear equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34With constant coe
cients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37Cauchy equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
4 Third and Higher-Order Linear ODEs 43
Polynomial roots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Constant-coe
cient equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

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