Will MalsonSpecies 1NCPage 2 of 13
T – policy
a) policy: (a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group) e.g. "it was a policy of retribution"; "a politician keeps changing his policies"
[Princeton U WordNet lexical database10 (http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=policy)]
b) res: usfg should sig reform its environmental plan of action
aff is changing an Act of Congress. this is readily distinguishable from “policy” (see examples).this may AFFECT enviro-policy, but that standard is bad…which aff agreed to in CX.
1. Brightline. RTP:
a) Key to definition: definitions is an expression of precise measure,the word is placed in the resolution for a specific and clearly limited purpose.b) Best for education: makes T debates short and sweet ‘cause we canagree on what the resolution means much faster.c) Ultimate goal of all definitions: the objective of every definition is tominimize confusion and make things clean and precise; a brightline is theultimate topicality standardd) Preserves communication: the meaning of words must be keptstandard and precise to allow for clear and reliable communication.e) Void for vagueness: courts toss out statutes that are too vague, soshould debate, since it’s only a model of courts.f) Key to language
Edwin Newman 83
“The productivity of plan english” p.g
“If the level of English we speak and write declines, we decline with it”g) Makes T a question of degreeIf we don’t have a bright line that tells us when a case is topical or not, thenthe topicality of a case is constantly in a grey area, completely up tointerpretation. But topicality isn’t a question of degree, it’s like beingpregnant: you either are or you aren’t. There’s no grey area.
2. fxt bad. See cx of 1ac
1. A priori issue.Topicality is an issue that is evaluated before any other contention is addressed. If they aren’t topical,you should vote negative without considering any other issue. It’s like the winner of the superbowl – itwas either the Saints or it wasn’t.