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species1NC

species1NC

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Published by willmalson

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Published by: willmalson on Jun 21, 2010
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08/09/2010

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Will MalsonSpecies 1NCPage 1 of 13the order is 2 t, 2 k, 2 cps (all 3 are conditional), & a little bit of case. 2956 word count.
 
Will MalsonSpecies 1NCPage 2 of 13
T – policy
I. Interp:
a) policy: (a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group) e.g. "it was a policy of retribution"; "a politician keeps changing his policies"
[Princeton U WordNet lexical database10 (http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=policy)]
 b) res: usfg should sig reform its environmental plan of action
II. Vio:
aff is changing an Act of Congress. this is readily distinguishable from “policy” (see examples).this may AFFECT enviro-policy, but that standard is bad…which aff agreed to in CX.
III. Standards:
1. Brightline. RTP:
a) Key to definition: definitions is an expression of precise measure,the word is placed in the resolution for a specific and clearly limited purpose.b) Best for education: makes T debates short and sweet ‘cause we canagree on what the resolution means much faster.c) Ultimate goal of all definitions: the objective of every definition is tominimize confusion and make things clean and precise; a brightline is theultimate topicality standardd) Preserves communication: the meaning of words must be keptstandard and precise to allow for clear and reliable communication.e) Void for vagueness: courts toss out statutes that are too vague, soshould debate, since it’s only a model of courts.f) Key to language
Edwin Newman 83
“The productivity of plan english” p.g
“If the level of English we speak and write declines, we decline with it”g) Makes T a question of degreeIf we don’t have a bright line that tells us when a case is topical or not, thenthe topicality of a case is constantly in a grey area, completely up tointerpretation. But topicality isn’t a question of degree, it’s like beingpregnant: you either are or you aren’t. There’s no grey area.
2. fxt bad. See cx of 1ac
IV. Voters:
1. A priori issue.Topicality is an issue that is evaluated before any other contention is addressed. If they aren’t topical,you should vote negative without considering any other issue. It’s like the winner of the superbowl – itwas either the Saints or it wasn’t.
 
Will MalsonSpecies 1NCPage 3 of 132. Prima facie burden.The Affirmative team’s obligation is to present a case on its face that defends the truth of the resolution.Regardless of whether their plan is a good or bad idea, they have failed to uphold their prima facie burden if it does not mirror the terms of resolution.3. Destroys debate.If non-topical cases are allowed, the entire foundation for academic debate is destroyed. The mostimportant thing to consider in academic debate is the resolution. If the resolution does not matter, whydebate? If non-topical cases are the norm, people will stop debating, because what’s the point?4. Sets a bad precedent.Voting in favor of a blatantly non-topical case sets a precedent. It says to our league, “This practice isokay.” As the judge, it is your job to vote against cases that set a bad precedent of non-topical cases being okay. A negative ballot based on topicality sends a message discouraging teams from runningnon-topical cases.

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