•Energy methods are an alternative to the directapproach (equilibrium methods)•Based upon the concept of strain energy•Advantages:
– Can be used to obtain the required answer without solving forset of quantities that are of no particular interest for particularsituation. – Effective in cases involving members of variable crosssections, in complex problems dealing with elastic stability,and in dealing with multi-element structures. – Facilitate the determination of displacement of slendermembers under combined loads. – Are central to the development of finite element method.