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SUG243 - Cartography - Flow Line Maps

SUG243 - Cartography - Flow Line Maps

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Published by Muhammad Ruzaini
What is Flow Line Maps
Charles Minard's Map
What is Flow Line Maps
Charles Minard's Map

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Published by: Muhammad Ruzaini on Jun 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/10/2013

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MARA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGYBACHELOR OF GEOMATIC AND SURVEYING SCIENCE (AP220)
Jack RuzainiSUG243 CARTOGRAPHY II jacketphish@yahoo.com _________________________________________________________________________________________________________  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Page
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QUESTION 54.1 FLOW LINE MAPSFlow maps
in cartography are a mix of maps and flow charts that show the movement of objects fromone location to another, such as the number of people in a migration, the amount of goods being traded,or the number of packets in a network.Flow maps can be used to show movement of almost anything, including tangiblethings such as people, products, natural resources, weather, etc, as well asintangible things such as know-how, talent, credit of goodwill. Flow maps canindicate things like:
What it is that flows, moves, migrate, etc.
What direction the flow is moving and/or what the source and destination are.
How much is flowing, being transferred, transported, etc.
General information about what is flowing and how it is flowing.In contrast to route maps, flow maps show little from the paths form one point to another.Beside the flow maps in cartography there are several other kinds of flow maps:
Baker flow map of fluid flows
Blood flow maps
Process flow map of a manufacturing process
Sankey diagram in petroleum engineering
Traffic Flow Maps
XSL flow mapsExamples of Flow Maps
 
MARA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGYBACHELOR OF GEOMATIC AND SURVEYING SCIENCE (AP220)
Jack RuzainiSUG243 CARTOGRAPHY II jacketphish@yahoo.com _________________________________________________________________________________________________________  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Page
2
of 
3
 
4.2 MINARD’S MAP OF NAPOLEAN’S RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN
Minard was a pioneer of the use of graphics in engineering and statistics. He is famous for his
Cartefigurative des pertes successives en hommes de l'Armée Française dans la campagne de Russie 1812-1813
, a flow map published in 1869 on the subject of Napoleon's disastrous Russian campaign of 1812.Étienne-Jules Marey first called notice to this dramatic depiction of the terrible fate of Napoleon'sarmy in the Russian campaign, saying it "defies the pen of the historian in its brutal eloquence".Edward Tufte says it "may well be the best statistical graphic ever drawn" and uses it as a primeexample in
The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
. And Howard Wainer also identified this as agem of information graphics, nominating it as the "World's Champion Graph".
 
The beauty, efficiency, and elegance of this chart were delivered by a human with a pen, twocolors, and paper (and not anything to do with computers or chart wizards) is a topic for another time.

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