1220 L Street, NW | Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org
About Natural GasNatural gas is a clean-burning, domestically abundant fuel source that meets 24 percent of U.S. energyrequirements. The exploration, production and delivery of this resource accounts for 655,000 directand 2.2 million indirect American jobs.
Natural gas is
it produces fewer emissions than any other fossil fuel
nearly 90 percent of the natural gas we consume is found here in the UnitedStates.
The Department of Energy (DOE) estimates there are 1,748 TCF of technically recoverablenatural gas in the United States. In 2008, more than 20 TCF was produced.
meets 24 percent of U.S. energy requirements
heats more than 60 millionhomes
powers nearly 120,000 vehicles
operating on American roads. In total,natural gas accounts for more than 50 percent of the fuel used to heat U.S. homes.
Natural gas companies
directly employed roughly 622,000 Americans
and indirectlysustained almost
2.2 million additional jobs in 2008
, contributing more than
$172 billion tothe U.S. economy.
A Pennsylvania State University study, sponsored by the Marcellus Shale Coalitionand released in May 2010, projects that development of Pennsylvania
’s portion of the
Marcellus Shale could create more than 211,000 new jobs for Pennsylvania over the
next 10 years. That’s on top of the tens of thousands of direct and indirect jobs that
have been created across the state already.
Another study sponsored by the Business Council of New York projects that New YorkState will experience an annual economic uplift between $92 and $123 billion from thedevelopment of the Marcellus and Utica Shales.
According to the DOE, U.S. proven natural gas reserves rose 3 percent in 2008, and shale gasreserves an astonishing 51 percent over 2007.
Thanks to the combination of hydraulic fracturing and directional drilling technologies, the oiland natural gas industry is able to unlock these vast deposits from areas that were previouslyunreachable.
technology has contributed to an 8 percent increase in U.S. natural gasproduction
between 2007 and 2008, and more natural gas is discovered every day.
A government-industry study found that up to 80 percent of natural gas wells drilled in the nextdecade will require hydraulic fracturing technology.
Production of unconventional gas, including gas from shale, is forecast to increase 22 percentby 2020.
Fracturing occurs deep below where usable groundwater is likely to be found. When a well isdrilled, steel casing and surrounding layers of concrete are installed to provide a
safe barrierto protect usable groundwater
As hydraulic fracturing becomes more widely used, API is updating its standards for well integrity, environmental and reclamation practices and cradle-to-grave water handling.
Hydraulic fracturing is a
that involves pumping a water mixture intounderground rock layers where oil or gas is trapped.
This mixture is 99 percent water and contains a small amount of fracturing fluid andsand. The pressure of the water creates tiny fissures in the rock. The sand holds openthe fissures, allowing the oil or gas to flow up the well. Hydraulic fracturing is wellregulated and has been used since the 1940s in more than 1 million wells in theUnited States.