While there is a tendency to misspell his name as "Aryabhatta" byanalogy with other names having the " bhatta" suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: every astronomical text spells his namethus,
includingBrahmagupta's references to him "in more than ahundred places by name".
Furthermore, in most instances"Aryabhatta" does not fit the metre either.
Aryabhata mentions in the
that it was composed 3,600years into theKali Yuga, when he was 23 years old. This corresponds to499 CE, and implies that he was born in 476 CE.
Aryabhata provides no information about his place of birth. The onlyinformation comes fromBhskara I, who describes Aryabhata as
, "one belonging to the
wasoriginally situated in the northwest of India, it is widely attested that,during the Buddha's time, a branch of the Amaka people settled in theregion between the NarmadaandGodavaririvers, in the South Gujarat±
North Maharashtra region of central India. Aryabhata is believed to have been born there.
However, early Buddhist texts describe Ashmaka as being further south, in
or theDeccan, while other textsdescribe the Ashmakas as having foughtAlexander , which would putthem further north.
It is fairly certain that, at some point, he went to Kusumapura for advanced studies and that he lived there for some time.
Both Hinduand Buddhist tradition, as well asBhskara I(CE 629), identifyKusumapura asP
A verse mentions thatAryabhata was the head of an institution (
) at Kusumapura, and, because the university of Nalandawas in Pataliputra at the time and hadan astronomical observatory, it is speculated that Aryabhata might have been the head of the Nalanda university as well.
Aryabhata is also