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The 1987 Philippine Constitution (codal)

The 1987 Philippine Constitution (codal)

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Published by Katrina Montes

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Published by: Katrina Montes on Jun 23, 2010
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06/19/2013

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THE 1987 CONSTITUTIONOF THEREPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
(Full Text)
 
PREAMBLE
 
 We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of  Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society,and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals andaspirations, promote the common good, conserve anddevelop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and ourposterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom,love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate thisConstitution. 
 ARTICLE I
 NATIONAL TERRITORY 
 .
 
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and allother territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerialdomains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil,the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The watersaround, between, and connecting the islands of thearchipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions,form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
 
 
 ARTICLE II
 DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES
 
 PRINCIPLES 
 
S
ection 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican
S
tate.
S
overeignty resides in the people and all governmentauthority emanates from them.
 
S
ection 2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres tothe policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation,and amity with all nations.
 
S
ection 3. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over themilitary. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protectorof the people and the
S
tate. Its goal is to secure thesovereignty of the
S
tate and the integrity of the nationalterritory.
 
S
ection 4. The prime duty of the Government is to serve andprotect the people. The Government may call upon thepeople to defend the
S
tate and, in the fulfillment thereof, allcitizens may be required, under conditions provided by law,to render personal, military or civil service.
 
S
ection 5. The maintenance of peace and order, theprotection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of thegeneral welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all thepeople of the blessings of democracy.
 
 
S
ection 6. The separation of Church and
S
tate shall beinviolable.
 STATE POLICIES 
 
S
ection 7. The
S
tate shall pursue an independent foreignpolicy. In its relations with other states, the paramountconsideration shall be national sovereignty, territorialintegrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination.
 
S
ection 8. The Philippines, consistent with the nationalinterest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.
 
S
ection 9. The
S
tate shall promote a just and dynamic socialorder that will ensure the prosperity and independence of thenation and free the people from poverty through policies thatprovide adequate social services, promote full employment, arising standard of living, and an improved quality of life forall.
 
S
ection 10. The
S
tate shall promote social justice in all phasesof national development.
 
S
ection 11. The
S
tate values the dignity of every humanperson and guarantees full respect for human rights.
 
S
ection 12. The
S
tate recognizes the sanctity of family life andshall protect and strengthen the family as a basicautonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the lifeof the mother and the life of the unborn from conception.

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