The Population Council
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The Population Council seeks to improve the wellbeing and reproductivehealth of current and future generations around the world and to helpachieve a humane, equitable, and sustainable balance between people
and resources. The Council, a nonprofit, nongovernmental research
organization established in 1952, has a multinational Board of Trustees;its New York headquarters supports a global network of regionaland country offices.Sonalde Desai is Associate, Research Division,The Population Council, New York.
This author thanks John C. Caldwell and Cynthia B. Lloyd for helpfulcomments and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy for the use of materials from a
review of the literature on gender inequalities, women’s reproductivehealth, and demographic behavior in India.
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