# Welcome back

## Find a book, put up your feet, stay awhile

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more

Download

Standard view

Full view

of .

Look up keyword or section

Like this

Share on social networks

47Activity

×

0 of .

Results for: No results containing your search query

P. 1

Maths IGCSE Notes 19.12.06Ratings: (0)|Views: 3,237|Likes: 48

Published by josef_herman

Notes for Maths Edexcel iGCSE

Notes for Maths Edexcel iGCSE

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/33492666/Maths-IGCSE-Notes-19-12-06

12/30/2014

text

original

Mathematics IGCSE notesIndex

click on a topic tovisit the notes

4. Ratio & proportion5. Fractions, ratios6. Percentages7. Rational and irrational numbers8. Algebra: simplifying and factorising9. Equations: linear, quadratic, simultaneous10. Rearranging formulae11. Inequalities12. Parallel lines, bearings, polygons13. Areas and volumes, similarity14. Trigonometry15. Circles16. Similar triangles, congruent triangles17. Transformations18. Loci and ruler and compass constructions19. Vectors20. Straight line graphs21. More graphs22. Distance, velocity graphs23. Sequences; trial and improvement24. Graphical transformations25. Probability26. Statistical calculations, diagrams, data collection27. Functions28. Calculus29. Sets

{also use the intranet revision course of question papers and answers by topic }

1.

Decimals and standard form

(a) multiplying and dividing

(i) Move the decimal points to the right until each is a wholenumber, noting the total number of moves, perform the multiplication, thenmove the decimal point back by the previous total:

2.51.36

, so the answer is

251363400

×=

3.4

{Note in the previous example, that transferring a factor of 2, or even better,4, from the 136 to the 25 makes it easier:

}

2513625(434)(254)34100343400

=××=××=×=

(ii) Move both decimal points together to the right until the

0.001750.042

divisor is a whole number, perform the calculation, and that is the answer.

1.7542

÷

, but simplify the calculation by cancelling down any factors first.In this case, both numbers share a 7, so divide this out: , and

0.256

÷

0.041660.25

, so the answer is

0.0416

(iii) decimal places

To round a number to

n

d.p., count

n

digits to the right of the decimal point. If the digit following the

n

th

is , then the

n

5

th

digit is raised by 1.e.g. round 3.012678 to 3 d.p. so

3.0126783.012|678

3.013 to 3 d.p.(iv) significant figuresTo round a number to

n

s.f., count digits from the left starting with the firstnon-zero digit, then proceed as for decimal places.e.g. round 3109.85 to 3 s.f.,

3109.85

so

310|9.85

3110 to 3 s.f.e.g. round 0.0030162 to 3 s.f.,

0.0030162

, so

0.00301|62

0.00302 to 3 s.f.

(b) standard form

(iii) Convert the following to standard form: (a) 25 000 (b) 0.0000123Move the decimal point until you have a number

x

where

110

x

<

, and thenumber of places you moved the point will indicate the numerical value of the power of 10. So

4

250002.510

×

, and

5

0.00001231.2310

−

=×

(iv) multiplying in standard form:

()

5

(4.410)3.510

××

6

As all theelements are multiplied, rearrange them thus:

()

561112

(4.43.5)101015.4101.5410

×××=×=×

2

(v) dividing in standard form:

123

3.2102.510

××

Again, rearrange the calculation to

1239

(3.22.5)(1010)1.2810

×÷=×

(vi) adding/subtracting in standard form: Thehardest of the calculations. Convert both numbers into the same denomination,i.e. in this case 10

67

(2.510)(3.7510)

+×

6

or 10

7

, then add.

77

(0.2510)(3.7510)410

×+×=×

7

Questions(a)

2.541.5

(b)

2.550

.015

(c) Convert into standard form and multiply:

250000000.00000000024

(d) (

32

2.610)(210)

×÷×

1.5510)2.510

−

×−×

(e)

(

)

34

Answers(a)

→×

, so

254153810

2.541.53.81

=

(b)

2.55

. Notice a factor of 5, so let’s cancel it first:

0.015255015

=÷

5103170

÷=

(c)

710

(2.510)(2.410)610

3

−

=×××=×

(d)

32

(2.62)(1010)1.310

5

×÷=×÷

(e)

33

(1.5510)(0.2510)1.310

−

=×−×=×

3

3

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.

THARIKA liked this

AmberGodden liked this

1 thousand reads

1 hundred reads

Reply

Felix Wong added this note

top link not working

deepheat_008 liked this

Amna Ijaz liked this

ioanniskyriakides_38 liked this

Amna Ijaz liked this

Cheung Ka Percy Tse liked this

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

© Copyright 2015 Scribd Inc.

Language

Choose the language in which you want to experience Scribd:

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Password Reset Email Sent

Join with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

By joining, you agree to our

read free for two weeks

Unlimited access to more than

one million books

one million books

Personalized recommendations

based on books you love

based on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Join with Facebook

or Join with emailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

Already a member? Sign in.

By joining, you agree to our

to download

Unlimited access to more than

one million books

one million books

Personalized recommendations

based on books you love

based on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Continue with Facebook

Sign inJoin with emailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

By joining, you agree to our

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd