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Renal System

Renal System

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Published by: amal95420005045 on Jun 24, 2010
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05/20/2013

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Sues Canal UniversityFaculty of Nursing Ismailia 
Presented to
:
 Prof Dr : Nabila Bedier .
Presented by
: 
Demonstrator: Amal Khater .
1
 
Learning objectives:Assessment of renal system
At the end of the lecture the learner will be able to;1.Describe the anatomy and physiology of the renal system.2.Identify the assessment parameters used for determining the statusrenal system function. 3.Describe the diagnostic studies used to determine urinary tractfunction. 4.
 
Mention Problems Associated With Changes in Voiding5.Discuss Risk Factors for Renal or Urologic Disorders.
2
 
Assessment of renal system
Introduction
The
 
renal systemconsists of all the organs involved in the formation andrelease of urine. It includes thekidneys,ureters, bladder andurethra. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs which help the body produce urine to getrid of unwanted waste substances. When urine is formed, tubes calledureters transport it to the urinary bladder, where it is stored and excretedvia the urethra. The kidneys are also important in controlling our  blood pressureand producingred blood cells 
Functions of the KidneyKidney
Urine formationExcretion of waste productsRegulation of electrolytesRegulation of acid–base balanceControl of water balanceControl of blood pressureRenal clearanceRegulation of red blood cell productionSynthesis of vitamin D to activeformSecretion of prostaglandins
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