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Introduction.to.Linear.algebra.D.norman

Introduction.to.Linear.algebra.D.norman

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Introduction to Linear Algebra
rOR
SCIEN
CE
AND
ENGINFERINC
DA
NI
EL
NORMAN
Que
en'
sUn
iv
e
rsit
y
Don
chu
setts.I''''\enloPark,California
NewYork
Wok
ingham,Englanrl •Amsterdam .B
onn

PUBLISHER:
Ron Doleman
MANAGING EDITOR:
Linda Scott
EDITOR:
Santo D'Agostino
COpy
EDITOR:
Debbie Davies
COVER AND TEXT DESIGN:
Artplus Limited
PAGE LAYOlJf:
Nelson Gonzalez
in
Publication Data
Norman. Daniel, dateIntroduction
to
linear algebra for science and engineeringIncludesindex. ISBN 0-201-60210-5
1.
Algebras. Linear. 1. Title.QA184.N67 1994512'.5 C94-932007-2
AU
rights reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted,
in
anyform or by any means, electronic. mechanical. photocopying,recording. or otherwise, without the prior written permission
of
the publisher.ISBN 0-201-60210-5

TABLE
OF CONTENTS
A Note to Instructors
viii
A Note on the Exercises
xiii
A Note to Students: LINEAR
ALGEBRA
-
WHO
NEEDS IT? xvCHAPTER 1 SOME GEOMETRY IN EUCLIDEAN SPACES
1-1
Vectors in
JR.
2,
JR.
}
,JR.
n;
The Vector Equation
of
a Line 1
1-2
Length; Dot
Product
;Equation
of
a Plane
19
1-3
Projection
and
M
inimum
Distance " '"
34
1 ~

The
Vector Cross
-Product
in
JR.
' ;Volume
.47
Chapter
Review
58
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS ANDROW ECHELON FORM
2-1
Systems
of
Linear Equations;Elimination
and
Back-Substitution;Matrices
and
Elementary Row
Operations
62
2-2
Reduced Row Echelon Form; Rank;
Homogeneous
Systems
88
2-3
Some Applications
of
Systems
of
Linear Equations
100
2 ~

Systems with Complex
Numbers
112
Chapter
Review
116
CHAPTER 3 MATRIX MULTIPLICATION,TRANSFORMATIONS,INVERSES
3-1
Matrix
122
3-2
Matrix Mappings;Linear Mappings
and
Transformations
140
3-3
Geometrical Transformations;
Composition
of
Linear Mappings
154
~

Special Subsets for Systems
and
Mappings; Subspaces
ofJR.
n....." ".
168
v