Genetic Engineering Dept.
Department Of Health And Human Services
Many people consider a DNA test atsome point in their lives, and this canbe for whatever reason. It could be fora newborn child, such as a paternitytest or it could be on yourself,especially if you have just found outthat either your mother or father arenot actually your birth parents.There are many reasons to consider aDNA test, but you may beapprehensive about them for manyreasons, as well. Often, many peopledon
t understand what a DNA test is orhow a DNA test is conducted - meaningthat many people who require a DNAtest often don
t actually go ahead andget one done. But there are manyresources available to help youresearch and make a wise, informeddecision about having a DNA testcompleted on either yourself or a lovedone.A DNA test is used to match DNA of two living individuals - which is why a DNA test is oftenused in paternity tests, as a newborn child and a father will have matching DNA. This isconsidered fantastic technology and a breakthrough in medical science when it was firstintroduced in the late 1970
s. The abilities to connect and prove a match between two livingindividuals were considered amazing news, as these allowed so much research to beconducted.However, after research was conducted, it was then found that a DNA test is only able tomatch two living individuals and prove them to be related, but it is not able to detect anygenetic defects or any disorders. It can not detect hereditary diseases either though, suchas baldness. Therefore, a DNA test is suitable for only one purpose - which is the matching of two individuals, a proof that they are both related and in some way, connected to oneanother.
How A DNA Test Works
A DNA test is painful and quick to do,more commonly than not a swab will betaken from the inside of the cheekobtaining saliva from the individual.Another swab will then be taken fromthe individual that the test is going tobe conducted against, and then thetwo saliva samples will be tested tosee if a match can be found.If a match is found, this is consideredto be a positive DNA test and often iscorrect in 100% of many instances, asDNA does not match by default. If amatch is not found, then there is norelation between the two individualswho were tested. Meaning that if thiswas a DNA paternity test situation, thenewborn child and the potential fatherwould not be related. So, the motherwould need to look elsewhere for asolution to her potential fatherproblem.DNA tests are fast, efficient and reliable. Each DNA test, when conducted properly, comesback with an accurate result - as DNA is so accurate itself too. DNA cannot match as positiveif it is not matched, unlike other tests such as pregnancy tests - which can provide a falsepositive or false negative depending on circumstances surrounding the woman. A DNA test