, also known as contraception or birth control, is a way to control unwantedpregnancies. Many methods of family planning are available, so each couple should be able to find onethat is right for them. Talk to your health-care provider to determine the best type of birth control foryou.
Type of Family PlanningNatural family planning
Natural family planning
involves no introduction of chemical of foreign material into the body orsustaining from sexual intercourse during fertile period.
The calendar method requires a couple to abstain from coitus(sexual relations) on the days of a menstrual cycle when the woman is most likelyto conceive (3 or 4 days before until 3 or 4 days after ovulation). To plan for this,the woman keeps a diary of six menstrual shortest cycles. To calculate safedays, she subtracts 18 from the shortest cycle documented. This numberrepresents her first fertile day. She subtracts 11 from her longest cycle. Thisrepresents her last fertile day. If she had six menstrual cycles raging from 25 to29 days, her fertile period would be from the 7
day (25 minus 18) to the 18
day (29 minus 11). Toavoid pregnancy, she would avoid coitus during those days.
Is the act of avoiding sex, whether sexual contact altogether or just intercourse. Thismethod of family planning is the only one that is 100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy andprotecting against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Abstinence can be difficult to maintain andallows for little spontaneity.
Is the oldest known methods of contraception. The couple proceeds with coitus untilthe moment of ejaculation. Then the man withdraws and spermatozoa. Unfortunately, ejaculation mayoccur before withdrawal is complete and, despite the care used, some spermatozoa may be deposited inthe vagina.
Lactation Amenorrhea Method.
As long as a woman is breastfeeding an infant there is some naturalsuppression of ovulation. Because women may ovulate, however, but not menstruate, a woman maystill be fertile even she has not had a period since childbirth. If the infant is receiving a supplementalfeeding or not sucking well, the use of lactation as an effective birth control method is questionable. Asa rule, after 3 months of breastfeeding, the woman should be advised to choose another method of contraception.
Effect on Sexual Enjoyment
Once a couple is certain of a womans nonfertile days using one of the natural planning methods thatinvolve sexual relations is possible with the methods that involve vaginal insertion products. On theother hand, the required days of abstinence may make a natural planning method unsatisfactory and