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NAT Network Address Translation

NAT Network Address Translation

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Published by: Paul on Jun 26, 2010
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11/17/2012

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Network Address Translation (NAT)
Network Address Translationallows you to use private or unregistered IP addresses on your private network, and translate these addresses to public or registered addresses for connection tothe Internet.NAT is an IP translation and mapping protocol that works at the network layer. It is sometimesreferred to as a routing protocol because it allows packets from a private network to be globallyrouted to the Internet.
Flavours of NAT
Static NAT
 
(One to One)A local address is mapped to a real global address on a one-to-one basis this is useful for hostssuch as severs which must have a consistent address that is accessible from the internet.
 
Static NATDynamic NAT
(Many to Many)A private IP address is mapped to a public IP address from a pool of public registered IPaddresses. Dynamic NAT also establishes a one-to-one mapping between private and public ipaddresses but the mapping varies depending on the registered address available in the pool.For example, a computer with an ip of 192.168.32.10 will translate to the first available address inthe range 213.18.123.100 - 213.18.123.150
 
Dynamic NATOverloading, (Port Address Translation) aka NAT Overload
(Many to One)Port Address Translation a form of dynamic NAT, it maps multiple unregistered private IPaddresses to a single public registered IP address, by using different ports.For example, each pc on the private network is translated to the same IP address213.18.123.100:port_number (213.18.123.100:1080). Using PAT thousands of users connect tothe internet using only one real global IP address.

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