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SEJARAH SOSIOLOGI

SEJARAH SOSIOLOGI

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Published by Ian Yan
SEJARAH SOSIOLOGI
SEJARAH SOSIOLOGI

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Published by: Ian Yan on Jun 26, 2010
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SEJARAH SOSIOLOGI
Istilah sosiologi telah ada sebelumnya, sosiologi meliputi ekonomi, politic,system budaya dan mempunyai proto sosial yang alami menurut filosofi ilmu pengetahuan barat.Penelitian sosial telah dikenal sejak zaman plato, bisa dikatakan bahwa ahlisosiologi yang pertama adalah Ibnu Khaldun. Pada abad ke-14 yang berasal dariafrika utara. Dalam buku maqqaddimah telah ada teori sosial yaitu kesatuan sosialdan konflik sosial, kata sosiologi pertama kali menurut atau digunakan oleh emanuel joseph sieyes, seorang ilmuan prancis, kemudian dikembangkan oleh auguste comte.Dulunya auguste comte menggunakan istilah sosial fisik akan tetapi setelah itudigunakan juga oleh orang lain khususnya pakar belgia adalphe quetelet.Comte mencoba mempersatukan sejarah psikologi dan ekonomi melalui pemahaman ilmiah dari dunia sosial setelah revolusi prancis melemah di menulissedikit. Dia mengusulkan penyakit sosial itu bisa perbaiki melalui positifisme.Kemasyarakatan sebuah langkah positive akan menandai era atau masa terakhir.Setelah tahap melovisi dan teologis telah ada dalam pemahaman manusia. Comtesering disebut “bapak sosiologi” dan karyanya digunakan oleh pemikir lain sepertiemile durkheim yang pertama kali mendirikan akademi eropa dan mengembangkan pemikirannya, sejak itu sosisologi eptistomologi, metodelogi dan kerangka berfikir  berkembang dan meluas secara significant.
 
HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY
Sociological reasoning predates the origin of the term. Sociology includingeconomy, political and culture system has proto-sociological origin in the commonstock of western knowledge and philosophy. Social analysis has been carried outformat list as early as the time of Plato. It may be said that the first coudogist wasIbnu Khaldun. A 14
th
century Arab scholar from North Africa, whose muqqaddimahwas the first work to advance soual-centific theory of social cohesion and socialconflict.The words “sociology” was first coined in 1780 by the franc essays EmanuelJoseph Sieyes (1748-1836) in an unpublished manuscript. It was later established byauguste Comte (1798-1857) in 1838. comte had earlier use it the term “social physic”, but that had subsequently been appropriated by other. Most notably the Belgianstatistician adolphe quetelet. Comte endeavored to unify history. Phsicology andeconomic through the scientific understanding of the social realm. Writing shortlyafter the malaise of the franc revolution, he proposed that social ills could beremedied through sociological positivism, an epistemological approach out lined inthe course in positive philosophy 1830-1842 and a general new of positivism 1844.comte believes a positivist stage would mark the final era, after consecturaltheological and metaphysical phases in the progression of human understanding.Though comte is often regarded as the “father of sociology”, the discipline wasformally established by another’s positivist thinker, emite durkheim (1858-1917),who funded the first European academic department and developed positivismfurther. Since than sociological epistemologist, methodologist and frames of enquiry,have significantly expanded and diverged.

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