name Istanbul. The Ottomans had adopted Islam as the imperial religion, and sonow Islam was worshipped by one of the most powerful empires of the world. It isout of this empire that we begin to see the origins of what people in the west calledwahhabism.Around the beginning of the 18
century, Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhabwas born within the Najd region of central Arabia. It was said that he memorized theQuran at the age of ten, and continued his education at the HanbaliSchool of law.The Hanbaliwere known to be more conservative of law, placing precedence uponwhether or not the Quran or the
(teachings of the Prophet) spoke against something. While at the Hanbali School, Wahhab learned from the writings of IbnTaymiyah, that it was polytheist, or
, to venerate prophets, saints and angelswithin prayer.
Within the Hanbali dogma of Islam, one could only venerate Allahthrough prayer, and no one else.Wahhab taught that it was
to venerate tombs, and those that do sodeserved death. He also professed that attendance at public prayers was obligatory,smoking tobacco was forbidden, along with shaving of the beard, and the use of abusive language.
On top of all that, Wahhab is said to have stated that theutterance of the Islamic creed did not make a man a true believer. From his
Pronouncement alone does not ensure immunity of lifeand propertythe property and life of a man are
Jihad: From Qur'an to bin Laden
(New York, New York: PalgraveMacmillan, 2007). p. 156.
Ibid. p. 157.
Ibid. p. 162.