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Nuclear Power Advantages and Disadvantages

Nuclear Power Advantages and Disadvantages

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Published by Ashwath Komath

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Published by: Ashwath Komath on Jun 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Power In the world today, many countries, especially big, heavily industrializednations rely on nuclear power to satisfy their country’s energy needs. Suchnations require huge amounts of energy to run their country. Variousconsumers of energy and electricity include industries, residences,commercial establishments, military assets, governmental buildings,agriculture, transport and so on.Especially in extremely populated countries, there are in extremely highdemand. Since, it is not possible to fill in such a high demand with justconventional sources of energy, countries look toward unconventionalsources of energy such as solar, wind and nuclear energy. The yield of solar and wind energy is not that high. Nuclear energy is said to be the answer. Nuclear energy extracts the energy from the most basic element of theuniverse which is the atom. There are two types of nuclear reactions. One isnuclear fission and the other is nuclear fusion. Nuclear fission is the nuclear reaction in which one atom splits into smaller and lighter atoms releasingtremendous amounts of energy in the process. Nuclear fusion is the nuclear reaction in which two light atoms are fused together with sufficient energy.However, we have not been able to harness the process of nuclear fusion asof now and we are not able to use nuclear fusion for our energy needs.There are many advantages of nuclear energy. Nuclear reactions releasetremendous amounts of energy. Nuclear energy is so immense that onenuclear plant may provide electricity for a really large area. Nuclear power is fueled by uranium, plutonium and thorium which isavailable in plenty for sometime to come. These materials however areradioactive. They emit radioactive waves that are harmful to man. Nuclear energy doesn’t emit anything into the atmosphere like polluted air,smoke or anything of that sort. France, which has embraced nuclear power has some of the most cleanest air in the world. This is mostly because of theheavy use of nuclear energy and minimum dependence of coal or oil based power plants.But nuclear energy has its good sides too. Nuclear fuels and nuclear wastesare extremely harmful and hazardous. For this reason, nuclear wastes are not

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