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is an electric circuit with anACinput and aDCoutput of roughly twice the
peak input voltage. They are a variety of voltage multiplier circuit and are often, but not always,a single stage of a general form of such circuits. The term is usually applied to circuits consistingof rectifyingdiodesandcapacitorsonly, other means of doubling voltages are not included.
edit] Villard circuit
The Villard circuit consists simply of a capacitor and a diode. While it has the great benefit of simplicity, its output has very poor ripplecharacteristics. Essentially, the circuit is a diodeclamp
circuit. The capacitor is charged on the negative half cycles to the peak AC voltage (
). Theoutput is the superposition of the input AC waveform and the steady DC of the capacitor. Theeffect of the circuit is to shift the DC value of the waveform. The negative peaks of the ACwaveform are "clamped" to 0V (actually í
, the small forward bias voltage of the diode), so the positive peaks of the output waveform are
. The peak-to-peak ripple is an enormous
andcannot besmoothedunless the circuit is effectively turned into one of the more sophisticatedforms.
edit] Greinacher circuit