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AIDS Mushrooms Through Gender-Based Violence and Discrimination

AIDS Mushrooms Through Gender-Based Violence and Discrimination

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Published by Anirudha Alam
The conventional gender roles that underpin sexual inequality and violence are entrenched by dyed-in-the-wool social norms. So women are always in the vicious circle of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. It is an essential fact that gender-based violence is a key factor in increasing women’s risk of contracting the virus skyward.
The conventional gender roles that underpin sexual inequality and violence are entrenched by dyed-in-the-wool social norms. So women are always in the vicious circle of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. It is an essential fact that gender-based violence is a key factor in increasing women’s risk of contracting the virus skyward.

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Published by: Anirudha Alam on Jun 27, 2010
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11/03/2012

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AIDS Mushrooms through Gender-basedViolence and Discrimination
Anirudha AlamThe conventional gender roles that underpin sexual inequality and violence areentrenched by dyed-in-the-wool social norms. So women are always in the vicious circleof vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. It is an essential fact that gender-based violence is a keyfactor in increasing women’s risk of contracting the virus skyward.Social discrimination engenders several factors associated with women’s subordinate position that it results in multidimensional likelihood of HIV infection. What’s more!Capitalizing on this discrimination, gender-based violence is the leading route of allvulnerabilities. Mostly these are the consequences of harmful traditional practices which put women at higher risk and socio-economic prejudices which undermine women’s lifeskills of protecting themselves.A study executed by the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV (APN+)identified some HIV-related issues in which women suffered extensively from higher levels of discrimination than man. The issues are related to being ridiculed and insulted, physically assaulted, removed from or asked to leave a public establishment, forced tochange place of residence, excluded from social function, advised not to have a childafter being diagnosed as HIV-positive and suffering exclusion by family members as wellas losing financial support from family members. Another in-depth study in three Africancountries found that both of men and women are to be stigmatized become of breakingsexual norms. But the society led by exclusive male hegemony put the blame on womenmore easily.The factors entwined with poverty, illiteracy, female genital mutilation, polygamy, wifeinheritance, rape by intimate partners, early marriage, having multiple sex partners,minimal access to productive resources, forced sterilization, prostitution, sexualharassment and assault at work-places as well as different conflict situations makewomen face an epidemic of violence every day. It is realized that women are two to four times more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS during unprotect sexual intercourse than men. Invarious parts of the world, rape and sexual violence are supposed to be weapon of war. Inview of that, gender-based violence is an all-too-common feature of coeval conflicts. It isused to attribute a moral code based on rigorously and thoroughly differentiated roles for male and female. For instance, women victimized by gender-based violence are amongthe casualties of the continuing internal conflict in Colombia on a great scale.Realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all is an essential element in aglobal response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic through preventing stigma and respectivediscrimination against people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. Armed conflicts andnatural disasters always add extra dimension to discrimination oriented violence. So role

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