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Aviation

Aviation

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Published by: daffodils_richi1615 on Jun 27, 2010
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03/23/2011

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 INTRODUCTION 
 India is one of the fastest growing aviation markets in the world. The Airport Authority of  India (AAI) manages a total of 127 airports in the country, which include 13 international airports, 7 custom airports, 80 domestic airports and 28 civil enclaves. There are over 450airports and 1091 registered aircrafts in the country. The genesis of civil aviation in India goes back to December 1912 when the first domestic air route between Karachi and Delhibecame operational. In the early fifties, all airlines operating in the country were merged intoeither Indian Airlines or Air India. And, by virtue of the Air Corporations Act 1953, thismonopoly continued for the next forty years. In 1990s, aviation industry in India saw some important changes. The Air Corporations Act was abolished to end the monopoly of the public sector and private airlines werereintroduced. With the liberalization of the Indian aviation sector, the industry has witnessed a transformation with the entry of the privately owned full service airlines and low cost carriers. In 2006, the private carriers accounted for around 75% share of the domesticaviation market. The sector has also seen a significant increase in the number of domestic air travel passengers. Some of the factors that have resulted in higher demand for air transport in India include the growing middle class and their purchasing power, low airfares offered by low cost carriers like Air Deccan, the growth of the tourism industry in India, increasing outbound travel from India, etc. Increasing liberalization and deregulation has led to an increase in the number of private players. The aviation industry comprises of three types of players:
y
 
 F 
ull cost carriers
y
 
 L
ow cost carriers ( 
 L
CC)
y
 
O
ther start-up airlines It is a phase of rapid growth in the industry with estimated growth of domestic passenger  segment at 50% per annum... This has led to intense price competition due to which full  service carriers like Jet Airways, Indian Airlines and Air Sahara are giving discounts of up to60-70% for certain routes to match the new entrants' ticket prices. The customer has thus gained enormously as a result of liberalization of the sector.1.
 
The Indian aviation sector can be broadly divided into the following main categories:1. Scheduled air transport service, which includes domestic and international airlines.2. Non-scheduled air transport service, which includes charter operators and air taxioperators.3. Air cargo service, which includes air transportation of cargo and mail.
 
Scheduled air transport service: It is an air transport service undertaken between twoor more places and operated according to a published timetable. It includes:1.
 
 Domestic airlines, which provide scheduled flights within India and to select international destinations. Air Deccan, Spice Jet, Kingfisher Airline and  Indigo are some of the domestic players in the industry.2.
 
 International airlines, which operate scheduled international air services toand from India. Non-scheduled air transport service: It is an air transport service other than the scheduled one and may be on charter basis and/or non-scheduled basis. The operator is not  permitted to publish time schedule and issue tickets to passengers. Air cargo services: It is an air transportation of cargo and mail. It may be on scheduled or non-scheduled basis. These operations are to destinations within India.
 F 
or operationoutside India, the operator has to take specific permission of Directorate General of Civi Aviation demonstrating his capacity for conducting such an operation. At present, there are 2 scheduled private airlines (Jet Airways and Air Sahara), which provide regular domestic air services along with Indian Airlines. In addition there are 47 non-scheduled operators providing air-taxi/non-scheduled air transport services. Apart from this, the players in aviation industry can be categorized in three groups:
y
 
 P 
ublic players
y
 
 P 
rivate player 
y
 
Start up playersThere are three public players: Air India, Indian Airlines and Alliance Air. The private players include Jet Airways, Air Sahara, Kingfisher Airlines, Spice Jet, Air Deccan and many more. The starts up players are those planning to enter the markets. Some of them are
O
mega Air, Magic Air,
 P 
remier Star Air and MD
 LR
Airlines
 
 AV 
 I 
 A
TION L
 AWS:
 
 Aviation law is the branch of law that concerns flight, air travel, and associated legal and business concerns. Some of its area of concern overlaps that of admiralty law and in manycases, aviation law is considered a matter of international law due to the nature of air travel. However, the business aspects of airlines and their regulation also fall under aviation law.The monopoly of public sector air carriers was ended by repealing the Air Corporation Act,1953 on March 1, 1994.The main statutes currently applicable to the sector are The Aircraft Act, 1934, The Aircraft 
 R
ules, 1937, and The Air Corporations (Transfer of Undertakings and 
 R
epeal) Act,1994.The regulatory and development functions are looked after by the Ministry of Civil  Aviation and the offices of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).The Ministry of Civil Aviation is responsible for the formulation of national policies and  programmes for development and regulation of civil aviation and for devising and implementing schemes for the orderly growth and expansion of civil air transport. Its functions also extend to overseeing the provision of airport facilities, air traffic services, and carriage of passengers and goods by air. Apart from the public sector undertakings and the DGCA, the Ministry also controls the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security.The DGCA is responsible for :
y
 
 R
egulation of air transport services to, from and within India;
y
 
 R
egistration of civil aircraft in India;
y
 
 F 
ormulation of standards of airworthiness for civil aircraft registered in India and  grant of certificate of airworthiness;
y
 
 L
icensing of pilots, aircraft maintenance engineers and flight engineers;
y
 
 L
icensing of aerodromes in India;
y
 
Coordinating regulatory functions with the International Civil Aviation
O
rganisation.

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