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Integumentary System

Integumentary System

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Published by Nick Bantolo

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Published by: Nick Bantolo on Jun 28, 2010
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Integumentary System
In this lesson we will be looking at the following:
Anatomical structures that compose the Integumentary system.
Physiological functions of the Integumentary system
Spiritual lessons that this system and its components can teach us.When God did form a man from dustHe knew that skin was just a mustTo cover those delicate organs from viewAnd adorn him with beauty that stretched as it grewThat was to last without end, and wear not outBut alas, then sin came, and knocked it about Not glowing in glory as it did in the pastForever to shine and forever to lastHaving to sweat when it didn’t beforeAs work became toilsome and labor a choreFeeling the chill of the evenings night air Having to be covered though once it was bareSensing the pain that it had not ever knownWrinkling with age and losing its toneSuffering the cuts and bruises that wroughtThrough a willful rejection of a God that had soughtTo heal all the afflictions that it bore every dayThere was only one answer, to make His skin payBy having it torn by the wipe and the blowWas the only way possible, to make you to knowThe price that He was willing to give you your skinIn offering His life for a ransom from sin
To teach us of righteous by faithas our defense against the attacks of Satan.Would you be motivated by an advertisement that boasted of a coat that was waterproof, stretchable,washable, non stainable, permanently pressed, that repairs itself automatically when torn or burnt withinvisible mending and was guaranteed to last a life time with reasonable care? Sound like a good deal?Thank God then that he gave you one in forming your skin!
1. Structure:
The Integumentary System consists of the skin and the subcutaneous (under the skin)layer, which contains structures extending from the skin. The skin itself consists of two main layers,which are different from each other in structure and function.The skin is a remarkable organ and is the largest organ of the body weighing in at about six pounds,which is about the combined weight of the liver and the brain. On an average adult it covers over 3000square inches, and receives about one third of the total blood volume that passes throughout your body.Each square inch of the surface of the skin contains fifteen feet of blood vessels, four yards of nerves,650 sweat glands, 100 oil glands, 1500 sensory receptors, and three million cells that are constantly
dying and being replaced. The skin is also called the integument, which simply means covering. Theskin’s two major layers are The Dermis and the epidermis.:A.) Epidermis: Outermost layer, which is subdivided into layers, and is made entirely of epithelialcells with no blood vessels. The epidermis has four layers of skin that cover the body (exceptthe palms and soles of feet) just as the Sanctuary does that was built by Moses, (read Exodus25.)B.)Dermis: The next layer beneath the epidermis, also known as true skin, which has aframework of connective tissue and contains many blood vessels, nerve endings andglands.
Types of membranes:
There are four major types of membranes: serous, mucous, cutaneous, andsynovial.
Serous membranes
: These are membranes that line the cavities that do not have openings to theoutside. They form the inner linings of the thorax and abdomen, and they cover the organs withinthese cavities. Such a membrane consists of a layer of simple squamous epithelium covering a thinlater of loose connective tissue. It secretes a watery serous fluid, that helps to lubricate the surfaces of the membrane.
Mucous membranes:
These line cavities and tubules that open to the outside of the body. Suchmembranes include the oral and nasal cavities and the tubes of the digestive, respiratory, urinary, andreproductive systems. These membranes are composed of epithelium overlying a layer of looseconnective tissue. Specialized cells within a mucous membrane secrete mucus (a thick fluidsubstance).
Cutaneous membrane:
An organ of the integumentary system (also commonly referred to as theskin).
Synovial membranes:
These form the inner linings of joint cavities and help in the movement of  bones, and are located between the ends of bones. These membranes include fibrous connective tissueoverlying loose connective tissue and adipose tissue. They secrete a thick, colorless synovial fluid intothe joint cavity, which lubricates the ends of the bones within the joint.
Sudoriferous Glands:
As well as the skin the Integumentary System contains sweat glands, alsoknown as sudoriferous glands, which assist in expelling waste and regulating body temperature.
Sebaceous Glands:
These are saclike in structure and lubricate the skin and hair to prevent drying.
Hair & Nails:
Hair is composed mostly of keratin, and is not living but dead. Nails are protectivestructures made of hard keratin, produced by cells that originate in the outer layer of the epidermis.
Hair follicles:
Hair is present in all the skin surfaces of the body except the palms, soles, lips, nipples,and various parts of the external reproductive organs. Hair was given by God to give us more beauty,especially for the woman, “But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering.” 1Cor.11.15.Each hair develops from a group of epidermal cells at the base of a tubelike depression called a hair follicle. This follicle extends from the surface into the dermis and may pass into the subcutaneous
layer. The epidermal cells at its base receive nourishment from dermal blood vessels, which occur in a projection of connective tissue at the base of the follicle. The epidermal cells at its base receivenourishment from the dermal blood vessels. As these cells begin to divide and grow, older cells moveupward and away from their nutrient supply becoming keratinized and die. Their remains constitutethe shaft of a developing hair. Hair, like the outer layer of skin is also dead and is composed of deadepidermal cells.The hair of the women in the Bible is representative of her glory (1
Cor 11.15). She is to be the gloryof man. “For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.” 1Cor.11.7. Man’s glory is as the flower, “For all flesh is asgrass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:” 1Pet.1.24. However God gives man something in which to glory in. “Thus saith theLORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let notthe rich man glory in his riches: But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth andknoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in theearth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.” Jer.9.23,24.There was a man in the Bible called Absalom who had a thick head of hair: “But in all Israel there wasnone to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. And when he polled (shaved) his head, (for it was at every year'send that he polled it: because the hair was heavy on him, therefore he polled it:)
he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels (about 5 lbs)
after the king's weight. 2Sam.14.25,26. It is a shamethat firstly people praised him for his beauty (as happened to Lucifer) and secondly that he acceptedtheir praise and adoration.To place so much attention on external beauty of the hair and neglect the inner adornment is one of thesins of the last days. For those who pursue such a course is written; “And it shall come to pass, thatinstead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent;
and instead of well set hair baldness
; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.” Isa.3.24.God leaves no room for conjecture as to what constitutes true Christian piety of Christ-likeness in their adornment. “In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, withshamefacedness and sobriety; not with
broided (plaited) hair 
, or gold, or pearls, or costly array;”1Tim.2.9This is not to say that the hair should not be neat and attractive, however the emphasis is not theneglecting of inward adornment for personal appearance. The attraction of a Christ like spirit isalways to be paramount in ones appearance, and the outside will correspondingly parallel that spirit.
Wake-up or Make-up:
More and more of those who profess Christianity are using make-up to givethem something that they feel they missed out on through genetic factors, disease or old age. Manyreasons may be sited in favor of its application, however as a Christian the first thing to consider is“What does God want me to do”, after all He knows what is best, He created beauty, He even loves beauty, just look at nature, it will tell you, read the book of Genesis it will spell it out, God loves beautiful things and that is why He hates artificial things, because He gets none of the glory, and theyare at the best 2
best.Make-up is no new thing, it has been around for a long time, the Egyptian ladies wore it, Baalworshipers used it, and we can even find a record of it in the scriptures.

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