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Obama Memo

Obama Memo

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Published by: webnewser on Jun 28, 2010
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THE WHITE HOUSEOffice of the Press SecretaryFor Immediate Release June 28, 2010June 28, 2010MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIESSUBJECT: Unleashing the Wireless Broadband RevolutionAmerica's future competitiveness and global technologyleadership depend, in part, upon the availability of additionalspectrum. The world is going wireless, and we must not fallbehind. The resurgence of American productivity growth thatstarted in the 1990s largely reflects investments by Americancompanies, the public sector, and citizens in the newcommunications technologies that are what we know today as theInternet. The Internet, as vital infrastructure, has becomecentral to the daily economic life of almost every American bycreating unprecedented opportunities for small businesses andindividual entrepreneurs. We are now beginning the nexttransformation in information technology: the wirelessbroadband revolution.Few technological developments hold as much potential to enhanceAmerica's economic competitiveness, create jobs, and improvethe quality of our lives as wireless high-speed access to theInternet. Innovative new mobile technologies hold the promisefor a virtuous cycle -- millions of consumers gain faster accessto more services at less cost, spurring innovation, and then anew round of consumers benefit from new services. The wirelessrevolution has already begun with millions of Americans takingadvantage of wireless access to the Internet.Expanded wireless broadband access will trigger the creation ofinnovative new businesses, provide cost-effective connections inrural areas, increase productivity, improve public safety, andallow for the development of mobile telemedicine, telework,distance learning, and other new applications that willtransform Americans' lives.Spectrum and the new technologies it enables also areessential to the Federal Government, which relies on spectrumfor important activities, such as emergency communications,national security, law enforcement, aviation, maritime, spacecommunications, and numerous other Federal functions. Spectrumis also critical for many State, local, and tribal governmentfunctions. As the wireless broadband revolution unfolds,innovation can enable efficient and imaginative uses of spectrumto maintain and enhance the Government's capabilities.In order to achieve mobile wireless broadband's full potential,we need an environment where innovation thrives, and wheremore(OVER)
2new capabilities also are secure, trustworthy, and provideappropriate safeguards for users' privacy. These characteristicswill continue to be important to the adoption of mobile wirelessbroadband.This new era in global technology leadership will only happen ifthere is adequate spectrum available to support the forthcomingmyriad of wireless devices, networks, and applications that candrive the new economy. To do so, we can use our Americaningenuity to wring abundance from scarcity, by finding waysto use spectrum more efficiently. We can also unlock the valueof otherwise underutilized spectrum and open new avenues forspectrum users to derive value through the development ofadvanced, situation-aware spectrum-sharing technologies.I therefore am hereby directing that executive departments,agencies, and offices, and strongly encourage that independentagencies, take the following steps:Section 1. The Secretary of Commerce, working throughthe National Telecommunications and Information Administration(NTIA), shall:(a) collaborate with the Federal Communications Commission(FCC) to make available a total of 500 MHz of Federal andnonfederal spectrum over the next 10 years, suitable for bothmobile and fixed wireless broadband use. The spectrum must beavailable to be licensed by the FCC for exclusive use or madeavailable for shared access by commercial and Government usersin order to enable licensed or unlicensed wireless broadbandtechnologies to be deployed;(b) collaborate with the FCC to complete by October 1, 2010,a specific Plan and Timetable for identifying and makingavailable 500 MHz of spectrum as described in subsection (a)of this section. For purposes of successfully implementingany repurposing of existing spectrum in accordance withsubsection (a) of this section, the Plan and Timetable musttake into account the need to ensure no loss of criticalexisting and planned Federal, State, local, and tribalgovernment capabilities, the international implications, andthe need for appropriate enforcement mechanisms and authorities;(c) convene the Policy and Plans Steering Group (PPSG) toadvise NTIA on achieving the objectives in subsections (a) and(b) of this section. The Secretaries of Defense, the Treasury,Transportation, State, the Interior, Agriculture, Energy, andHomeland Security, the Attorney General, the Administrators ofthe National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) andthe Federal Aviation Administration, the Director of NationalIntelligence, the Commandant of the United States Coast Guard,and the head of any other executive department or agency thatis currently authorized to use spectrum shall participate andcooperate fully, or in the case of independent agencies arestrongly encouraged to, in the activities of the Departmentof Commerce in accomplishing subsections (a) and (b) of thissection and promptly provide appropriate funding and staffresources for agency support to these efforts and the workof the PPSG; andmore
3(d) submit, not later than 180 days after the Plan andTimetable described in subsection (b) of this section arecompleted, to the National Economic Council (NEC), the Officeof Management and Budget (OMB), and the Office of Science andTechnology Policy (OSTP) an interim report to assess progressagainst the Plan and Timetable developed in accordance withsubsection (b) of this section. Additional interim reportsshall be submitted 180 days after the submission of the firstinterim report and then annually thereafter until such timeas the Plan and Timetable are completed. In preparing thesereports, the Secretary of Commerce shall work cooperatively withthe FCC and other relevant departments, agencies, and offices.Sec. 2. The Director of OMB shall work with the Secretaryof Commerce, through NTIA and in consultation with affecteddepartments, agencies, and offices, to incorporate into the Planand Timetable referred to in section 1(b) of this memorandumadequate funding, incentives, and assistance to enable executiveagencies or other affected entities to accomplish the actionsspecified in section 1(a) of this memorandum.Sec. 3. The Secretary of Commerce, working through NTIA, inconsultation with the National Institute of Standards andTechnology, National Science Foundation (NSF), the Departmentof Defense, the Department of Justice, NASA, and other agenciesas appropriate, shall create and implement a plan to facilitateresearch, development, experimentation, and testing byresearchers to explore innovative spectrum-sharing technologies,including those that are secure and resilient.Sec. 4. The FCC is strongly encouraged to work closely withthe Department of Commerce, through NTIA, to carry out thismemorandum as it relates to the FCC, including the repurposingof nonfederal Government spectrum as appropriate and identifyingthe mechanisms necessary to ensure compliance with the FCC'sdecisions.Sec. 5. The NEC, the OMB, and the OSTP (in consultation withthe Department of Commerce, working through NTIA, FCC, and theNational Security Staff) shall assess, based on the interimreport developed pursuant to section 1(d) of this memorandum,whether there has been sufficient progress in achieving theobjectives of this memorandum or whether some other mechanism,such as an independent review panel, is needed to address thoseareas where sufficient progress is not occurring. The NEC, theOMB, and the OSTP shall make any necessary recommendations tothe President regarding such progress 45 days after receivingthe initial interim report required by section 1(d) of thismemorandum and, as appropriate, following subsequent reports.Sec. 6.(a) To the extent permitted by law and within existingappropriations, the Department of Commerce, through NTIA, shallprovide administrative support for the interagency groupscreated in this memorandum.(b) Nothing in this memorandum shall be construed to impair orotherwise affect the functions of the Director of OMB relatingto budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.more(OVER)

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