From the starting of industrial economy trade union is the mostcommon figure in a country. Trade unions are the controller of the laborforce of an industry which works for the betterment of the country’s trade byensuring the right of the labor force. The economic importance of tradeunions in developing countries is not commensurate with the size of theirmembership.
The behavior of Bangladeshi trade unions is characterized bypolitical activism, and momentous strikes, called
there, have playeda crucial part in most political changes in this country. In Bangladesh, theshare of the active population concerned by unionization was officiallyestimated between 3 and 4 % in 1992. However, this figure is largelyirrelevant for an evaluation of their power, as the urban population was onlyabout 18 % of the total Bangladeshi population in 1995, and virtually notrade unions exist in the rural sector. Within the urbanite working population,and especially in the formal sector, the picture is quite different. Almost 100% of the workers and employees of the public sector are unionized, while oneout of six of the wage earners in the private formal sector are unionized.
Theaim of this discussion is to provide a simple theoretical framework foranalyzing this dimension of trade union activity, and to test its mainimplication in the case of Bangladesh.
Different scholars have defined a trade union in different ways. Sydneyand Beatrice Webb have defined a trade union as
“a continuous associationof wage earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditionsof their working lives”
. A trade union is also called as a labor union. A laborunion is an organization of workers who have banned or unified together toachieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union,through its voluntary; bargains with the employer on behalf of the unionmembers and collective bargain with the employers. This may include thenegotiation of working conditions like wages, rules, time, job security etc. theagreements are strictly negotiated by the union leader on behalf of thewhole trade union with the employers. In some cases non member workersalso bargain with the employer.