Deception of one sort or another was as mucha stock in trade of flak batteries as was their ammunition, and the Hun became quite proficient indeceptive tactics.
Frequent Changes of Positions
Accuracy of Alliedair reconnaissance compelled flak batteries tomake frequent changesof positions. Movementswere mostly at night,and often a two-hourfire silence in the newpositions was enforcedfor the purpose of "sucking in" unwary fighter-bomber pilots.
In the vacated positions dummy guns wereleft, and detection of thedummies was an extremely difficult and oftenimpossible task for photointerpreters, because ofthe height from whichfrom 1,000 feet.
Traps for Fighter-bombers
In the German handbook of tricks there wasalways a chapter on luring fighter-bombers withineasy range of flak guns. Various types of bait wereused.In Western Germany a section of highwayhad foxholes dug everyfifty feet, and movingback and forth alongthe road were threetrucks. When fighter-bombers dived in for anattack, the truck driversdove into the foxholes,and light flak openedfire from positions onboth sides of the road.Sometimes the baitwas a locomotive withsteam up, but unmanned.Planes which went infor an attack receivedstrong light flak fire.Another trick wasto drive two trucks downpictures were taken.
Sketch of 20mm flak on tower
a highway. If they wereSince this German policy was well known to flak officers, it was no surprisewhen a ground inspection of overrun defensesrevealed a number of dummy positions which hadbeen plotted as "occupied" positions. Though notelaborate, the dummy guns and fire control equipment contained all the component parts of thesimulated materiel and were often realistic evenattacked, one truck, avan type, dropped its sides, exposing light flak guns.Very seldom were heavy gun emplacementscamouflaged, probably because the expense anddifficulties involved were not worth the results.Frequently light gun emplacements were camouflagedfor the purpose of surprising low level attackers.Guns around a flak trap were always concealed.