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Flexural Design Farooq

Flexural Design Farooq

Ratings: (0)|Views: 209|Likes:
Published by Muhammad Farooq Zia
Topics about the flexure design in prestressing.
Topics about the flexure design in prestressing.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Muhammad Farooq Zia on Jun 29, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/20/2013

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Pre-stressing
FLEXURAL DESIGN
 
4.1 BASIS OF DESIGN
Itishelpfulindiscussingbeamdesigntosummarizetheperformanceofatypicalconcretebeamintermsofitsload-deflectioncurve,showninFig.4.1.Whentheinitialprestressforceisapplied,therewillbeanimmediateupwardcamberesultingfromthebendingmomentassociatedwithprestresseccentricity.Withthebeamsupportedmainlyatitsends,theself-weightisimmediatelybroughtintoeffect,superimposingadownwardcomponentofdeflection
ontheupwardcambeduetoprestressing.Thisisreferredtoasthe
unloadedstage,
withinitialprestressandself-weightacting.Itwillbeassumedhere,forsimplicity,thatalllossesoccuratonce,suchthatthenetdeflectionatthestartis
pe
-
o
resultingfromthecombinationofeffectiveprestressforce
e
andself-weight
.
 Atthisstage,theconcreteflexuralstressdistributionatmid-spanisgenerallyasshownbythesmallshadedsketchSuperimposedontheload-deflectioncurve,varyinglinearlyfromalowvalueoftensilestressatthetopfaceofthebeamtomaximumcompressionatthebottom.
 
When the superimposed dead load is added, the deflection increases inthe Positive, downward sense by the amount
8
d The net deflection isoften upward at this stage, as suggested by Fig. 4.1, but this is notalways so.At some particular loading, a
b
alanced load stage
will be reached, suchthat the upward equivalent load from prestressing is exactly equal tothe downwardexternalload.Theresultisauniformcompressivestressinthemember,asshowninFig.4.1,and,neglectingthetime-dependenteffects,zerodeflection.Withthefurtheradditionofliveload,the
decompressionstage
isreached,atwhichtheconcretestressatthebottomfaceofthebeamiszero.Thebeamresponseislinearupto,andsomewhatbeyond,thisstageuntilthe
crackingloa
isreached,whentheconcretetensilestressequalsthemodulusofrupture.
4.1 BASIS OF DESIGN4.1 BASIS OF DESIGN

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