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Experimental Design and Analysis of Variance
Experimental Design and Analysis of Variance

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10/17/2011

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1
Experimental Design andAnalysis of Variance
Experimental Design and Analysis of Variance
10.1Basic Concepts of Experimental Design10.2One-Way Analysis of Variance10.3The Randomized Block Design10.4Two-Way Analysis of Variance

2
Objective:
To compare and estimate the effect of different
treatments
on the
response variable
.
10.1 Basic Concepts of ExperimentalDesign
Example 10.1
The Gasoline Mileage CaseDoes gasoline mileage vary with gasoline type?
Type AType BType C
x
A1
=34.0x
B1
=35.3x
C1
=33.3x
A2
=35.0x
B2
=36.5x
C2
=34.0x
A3
=34.3x
B3
=36.4x
C3
=34.7x
A4
=35.5x
B4
=37.0x
C4
=33.0x
A5
=35.8x
B5
=37.6x
C5
=34.9
Response Variable:
Gasoline mileage (in mpg)
Treatments:
Gasoline types –A, B, C

10.2 One-Way Analysis of Variance
Are there differences in the mean response
µµµµ
1111
,
µµµµ
2222
,,,,
…,
µµµµ
p
associated with the
p treatments
?H
0
:
µ
1
=
µ
2
=
… =
µ
p
H
a
: At least two of the
µ
1
,
µ
2
,…,
µ
p
differ Or, is the between-treatment variabilitylarge compared to thewithin-treatmentvariability?

3
Partitioning the Total Variability in theResponse
+=
pi=n j=iij pi=ii pi=n j=ij
ii
) x(x ) x xn ) x(x
11212112
+=
Squaresof Squaresof Squaresof  SumError SumTreatmentSumTotal
+=
yVariabilityyVariability TreatmentTreatmentyVariability WithinBetweenTotal
+
SSESST=SSTO
F Test for Difference BetweenTreatment Means
H
0
:
µµµµ
1111
=
µµµµ
2222
====
…=
µµµµ
p
(no treatment effect)H
a
: At least two of the
µµµµ
1111
,
µµµµ
2222
,,,,
…,
µµµµ
p
differTest Statistic:
p)-SSE/(n1)-SST/(pMSEMST=F
=
Reject H
0
if
F > F
α
or  p-value <
α
F
α
is based on p-1 numerator and n-p denominator degrees of freedom.