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Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

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Published by Onil
Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, a Química de Processos Petroquímicos livro em inglês, excelente arquivo.
Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes, a Química de Processos Petroquímicos livro em inglês, excelente arquivo.

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Published by: Onil on Jun 29, 2010
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03/19/2011

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Copyright ©1994, 2000 by Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas. Allrights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. This book, or partsthereof, may not be reproduced in any form without permission of the publisher.Gulf Publishing CompanyBook DivisionP.O. Box 2608, Houston, Texas 77252-2608Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataPrinted on acid-free paper (
).
Chemistry of 
PETROCHEMICALPROCESSES
2nd Edition
 
This book is dedicated to the memory of Professor Lewis Hatch(1912–1991), a scholar, an educator, and a sincere friend.
 
v
Contents
Preface to Second Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiPreface to First Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiiiCHAPTER ONEPrimary Raw Materials forPetrochemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Introduction 1Natural Gas 1Natural Gas Treatment Processes 3, Natural Gas Liquids 8,Properties of Natural Gas 10Crude Oils 11Composition of Crude Oils 12, Properties of Crude Oils 19, CrudeOil Classification 21Coal, Oil Shale, Tar Sand, and Gas Hydrates 22References 26
CHAPTER TWOHydrocarbon Intermediates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Introduction 29Paraffinic Hydrocarbons 29Methane 30, Ethane 30, Propane 31, Butanes 31Olefinic Hydrocarbons 32Ethylene 32, Propylene 33, Butylenes 34Dienes 36Butadiene 37, Isoprene 37Aromatic Hydrocarbons 37Extraction of Aromatics 38Liquid Petroleum Fractions and Residues 42Naphtha 43, Kerosine 45, Gas Oil 46, Residual Fuel Oil 47References 47
 
CHAPTER THREECrude Oil Processing and Production of HydrocarbonIntermediates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Introduction 49Physical Separation Processes 49Atmospheric Distillation 50, Vacuum Distillation 51, AbsorptionProcess 52, Adsorption Process 52, Solvent Extraction 53Conversion Processes 54Thermal Conversion Processes 55, Catalytic ConversionProcesses 60Production of Olefins 91Steam Cracking of Hydrocarbons 91, Production of Diolefins 101References 107
CHAPTER FOURNonhydrocarbon Intermediates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Introduction 111Hydrogen 111Sulfur 114Uses of Sulfur 116, The Claus Process 116, Sulfuric Acid 117Carbon Black 118The Channel Process 119, The Furnace Black Process 119, TheThermal Process 119, Properties and Uses of Carbon Black 120Synthesis Gas 121Uses of Synthesis Gas 123Naphthenic Acids 130Uses of Naphthenic Acid and Its Salts 130Cresylic Acid 131Uses of Cresylic Acid 133References 133
CHAPTER FIVEChemicals Based on Methane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Introduction 135Chemicals Based on Direct Reactions of Methane 136Carbon Disulfide 136, Hydrogen Cyanide 137, Chloromethanes 138
vi

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