the lap with the right hand placed over the left, palms upward. The vertebral column and the wholebody should be absolutely erect while sitting in this posture and the gaze fixed in one of the five waysmentioned below:(1)
(between the eyebrows).(2)
(the tip of the nose).(4)
(eyelids half open).(5)
(eyelids completely closed).These different ways of using the eyes yield different results.
EFFECTS AND BENEFITS
The practice of this asana helps to check sensuality and attain Brahmacarya. (The word'Brahmacarya,' though meaning a vow of celibacy in common parlance, indicates also the state of themind concentrated on the Supreme Being.) This asana provides mental discipline and ensures thepassage of the Prana in the Susumna Nadl. It thus helps in the awakening of Kun-dalin! Sakti(Serpent power). It is possible to attain Dharaga (concentration), Dhyana (meditation) and evenSamadhi (contemplation and self-realisation) through this asana. It has been rated as the foremostamong the techniques utilised for awakening Kundalinl.
Kimanyairbahubhih pithaih siddhe siddhasane sati Prananile savadhane baddhe kevala- kumbhake.
(H.Y.P. 1, 41)
There is no need of any other asana if one has mastered the Perfect posture (Siddhasana). Acareful performance of Kevala-Kumbhaka Pranayama in this asana renders the practice of any otherasana meaningless.
Utpadyate nirayasat svayamevonmanl-kala. Tathaikasminneva drdhe siddhe siddhasane- sati Bandha-trayamanayasat svayamevopjayate.
(H.Y.P. 1, 42)
By this asana alone the Unman! Kala gets spontaneously generated and on the perfection ofSiddhasana all the three Bandhas (or locks, viz. the chinlock or Jalandhara-bandha, the abdominallockorUddiyana-bandha, and the basal lock or Muladhara-bandha) develop effortlessly.It is on this account that the yogis ascribed to this asana remarkable powers and stressed the needfor a prolonged practice of the asana.Svatmarama, a disciple of Goraksanatha, comments thus in Hathayoga Pradlpika:
Caturasiti plthesu siddhameva sadabhyaset. Dva-saptati-sahasranam nadinam mala-sodhanam.
(H.Y.P. 1, 39)
One should practise only Siddhasana out of the 84 asanas because it removes the impurities of allthe 72,000 nadls.He has further emphasised its specific features thus:
Atma-dhyayl mitaharl yavad dvadasa-vatsaram Sada siddhasanabhyasad yogi nispattimapnuyat.
(H.Y.P. 1, 40)
The yogi who performs Siddhasana for twelve years while meditating on his self and partaking of arestricted diet attains a state of consummate perfection.It implies that perfection can be attained merely by the practice of Siddhasana.As has been mentioned above, different results are obtained by fixing the gaze in different ways: