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Unit 4- BE Final Year 7th SEM SUBEJCT notes

Unit 4- BE Final Year 7th SEM SUBEJCT notes

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Sant Gadge Baba Ameavati University, Amravati Final Year Computer Science & Engineering Course PPT Subject: CNI Computer Network & Internet Code: 7SR3
Sant Gadge Baba Ameavati University, Amravati Final Year Computer Science & Engineering Course PPT Subject: CNI Computer Network & Internet Code: 7SR3

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Published by: Chandrashekhar M Mankar on Jun 30, 2010
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10/03/2013

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Unit - 4
Unit-IV:Unit-IV:
 Link Layer:
Introduction, Services, Error Introduction, Services, Error detection & correction techniques,detection & correction techniques,Multiple Access Protocols, LAN addressMultiple Access Protocols, LAN address& ARP, CSMA/CD, PPP details& ARP, CSMA/CD, PPP details
,MultimediaMultimedianetworking and RTSP protocol, RTP details.networking and RTSP protocol, RTP details. 
WELCOMEWELCOME
 
 
Unit - 4
Some terms:Some terms:
Ì
hosts and routers are
nodes
Ì
communication channels thatconnect adjacent nodes alongcommunication path are
links
r
wired links
r
wireless links
r
LANs
Ì
layer-2 packet is a
frame, 
encapsulates datagram
“link”
ata-link layer
 
has responsibility of has responsibility of ransferring datagram from one noderansferring datagram from one nodeooadjacentadjacentnode over a linknode over a link
MessageDatagramSegmentPacketFrame
 
 
Unit - 4
tourist = datagram
transport segment = communication link
transportation mode = link layer protocol
travel agent = routing algorithm
 
tourist =datagram
transport segment =communication link
transportation mode =link layer protocol
travel agent =routing algorithm
Data Link Layer ServicesData Link Layer Services
DLL is responsible for moving framesfrom one hop (node) to the next.
Other responsibilities of DLL are:
Framing:
DLL provides the stream of bits received from n/w layer intomanageable data unit called frames.
Physical Addressing:
DLL adds aheader to the frame to define the sender or receiver of the frame.
Flow Control:
Rate at which receiver isabsorbing data is less than produced bythe sender. DLL imposes the FC toprevent overwhelming the receiver.
Error Control:
DLL adds reliability toPLL by adding mechanism to detect andtransmit damaged frames
or 
lost frames.
Error control is achieved through a trailer added toend of the fame
 
DLL is responsible for moving framesfrom one hop (node) to the next.
Other responsibilities of DLL are:
Framing:
DLL provides the stream of bits received from n/w layer intomanageable data unit called frames.
Physical Addressing:
DLL adds aheader to the frame to define the sender or receiver of the frame.
Flow Control:
Rate at which receiver isabsorbing data is less than produced bythe sender.DLL imposes the FC toprevent overwhelming the receiver.
Error Control:
DLL adds reliability toPLL by adding mechanism to detect andtransmit damaged frames
or 
lost frames.
Error control is achieved through a trailer added toend of the fame
 
Access Control:
When two or moredevices are connected to the samelink, DLL protocols are necessary todetermine which device has controlover the link at any given time.
 
Access Control:
When two or moredevices are connected to the samelink, DLL protocols are necessary todetermine which device has controlover the link at any given time.
Hop to hop delivery

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