Digital Logic Design
IMPLEMENTATION OF LOGIC GATES USING TRANISTOR-TRANSISTOR LOGIC
oday the importance of digital circuits cannot be ignored as they make up the basis of moderntechnological living. Digital circuits make use of digital signals that can be stored, duplicated andtransmitted easily.
hese digital circuits are composed of units called logic gates which processbinary information. Logic gates are important because practical digital systems involve complexfunctions which can be realized by the use of simple NO
, OR & AND functions.
Now as these simple functions are fundamental and very important so it is easy to understand thathow the familiarization with these simple logic gates can help us design and make complex digitalpractical circuits.Hence the objective in this project is to familiarize ourselves with the design and construction of these simple logic gates (using
L) and to be able to understand how complex systems can bedesigned by using the technology which is used to construct these simple gates.
IMPORTANT PARAMETERS OF LOGIC GATES:
In designing logic gates there are some terminologies and parameters that an engineer should keepaccount of in order to maximize the performance of digital circuits and optimize the economics of the circuit.
oltage transfer characteristic
is an important parameter of logic gates which is the graph of inputvoltage vs output voltage.
his graph has four points which are of concern in the design of logicgates.
Input low voltage V
(input voltage corresponding to logic 0)ii.
Input High voltage V
(input voltage corresponding to logic 1)iii.
Output Low voltage V
(input voltage corresponding to logic 0)iv.
Output High voltage V
(input voltage corresponding to logic 1)
he difference between two output levels is called logic swing:LS=V
Another important parameter is the noise margin which should also be maximized to minimize theerror in processing.
an it &
out refer to the input connections. Fan in is the number of input connections and Fanout is the maximum number of load gates that can be connected to the output.
hese numbers are