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Socialization

Socialization

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Published by Mellai Pamfilo

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Published by: Mellai Pamfilo on Jun 30, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/14/2012

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Socialization
I.
 
IntroductionHuman Infants are born into ongoing social units. They benefit fromthe activities of the members of these units. It is the more maturehumans that provide them with necessary protection and assistance. Of course, society would not survive if it did not have replacement of themembers who leave or die. New people need to be added and thoughtthe rules and benefits of society or the existing social order will bedestroyed. This continuity in society is made possible through theprocess of 
socialization.
II.
 
S
ummary
 
y
 
B
ecoming a person:
B
iology and Culture
B
iological processes stimulate childrens physical development;coordination and strength gradually improve, so they can feed themselvesand walk. While these biological developments are occurring, children aretalked to and handled by caregivers who provide them with food andprotect them from physical harm. These social interactions with caregiversare essentials from normal development.
S
pitz studied in institutional setting children who received adequatephysical care like food, cloth clean bedding, adequate toilet facilities, etc.,but did not have caregivers who handled and cuddled or talked to them.The children not only lagged behind others of their age in intellectualdevelopment but also suffered impaired physical health, apparentlybecause of their lack of social contact.
S
uch studies indicate that we mustexamine more closely the role of nurture, or socialization, in humandevelopment, as well as the role of nature, biological processes.
 
y
 
The Processes of socializationThe long period of dependency allows children time to learnthings they need to know in order to care for themselves andbecome members of society. The long and complicated process of social interaction through which the child learns the intellectual,physical, and social skills needed to function as a member of societyis called socialization.The process of socialization begins at birth and continuesthroughout all of life. During early childhood, we learn, most of all,from our parents who teach us through instruction the values,norms, and skills that they already have. The child also learns byobservation and imitation.At the same time that we are learning skills through interactionswith our parents, we are also acquiring a self-identity, a conceptionof who we are. Here, we come to realize that as brothers or sisters,son or daughters, students or friend, we play number of roles andthat certain behaviour is expected of us in each of these roles.According to fichter, socialization is a process of mutual influencebetween a person and his fellowmen, a process that results in anacceptance of, and adaptation to, the pattern of social behaviour. Itdoes not mean that the person ceases to be an individual. A personbecomes social when he learns to get along with other people. Thehuman being is a social person from the beginning of his life, but heundergoes continuous adaptation and changes as long as he lives.
S
ocialization can be described from two points of view:
y
 
Objective socializationRefers to the society acting upon the child.
 
y
 
S
ubjective socializationProcess by which the society transmits its culture from onegeneration to the next and adapts the individual to the accepted andapproved ways of organized social life.
y
 
The functions of socialization are:
y
 
To develop the skills and disciplines which are needed by theindividual.
y
 
To instil the aspirations and values and the design for livingwhich the particular society possesses
y
 
To teach the social roles which individuals must enact insociety.The process of socialization is continuously at work outside theindividual. It affects not only children and immigrants when they firstcome into the society but all people within the society in all of theirlives. It acts upon people it provides them the patterns of behaviourwhich are essential to the maintenance of society and culture.
y
 
Importance of socialization
S
ocialization is vital to culture.
S
ocialization is important tosocieties as it is to individuals. It is through this process of socialization that every society transmits it culture to succeedinggenerations. Through this continuing process, each generationacquires the elements of its societys cultureits knowledge,symbols, values, norms, beliefs, etc.

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