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Agrarian reform in Venezuela : case study of a Fundo Zamorano in the state of Monagas

Agrarian reform in Venezuela : case study of a Fundo Zamorano in the state of Monagas

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Published by Alfonso J Sintjago
ABSTRACT: Abstract of Thesis Presented to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Arts AGRARIAN REFORM IN VENEZUELA: CASE STUDY OF A FUNDO ZAMORANO IN THE STATE OF MONAGAS By Alfonso José Sintjago Cordova August 2009 Chair: Carmen Diana Deere Major: Latin American studies After previous unsuccessful attempts in bringing about agrarian reform, the current Venezuelan administration is attempting to improve the conditions of the campesino through the expropriation of large idle land holdings and their redistribution to landless peasants. Through the agrarian reform the government of Hugo Chávez is also attempting to reduce its food import dependence. In 2005, Venezuela imported over 70% of their food stuffs while having the smallest agricultural sector in Latin America, 6% of their Gross Domestic Product. In an attempt to meet this goal and improve the living conditions of the rural poor, the government has implemented a number of initiatives to bring about land redistribution and rural development, known as misiones (missions). This study reviews the history of agrarian reform in Venezuela and describes the current agrarian reform of the government of Hugo Chávez and its achievements and limitations. It presents a case study of the Fundo Zamorano Alejandro de Humboldt in the state of Monagas, one of 85 Fundo Zamoranos nationally. Drawing on participant observation, interviews, and government data, the thesis analyzes the achievements and difficulties faced by the cooperatives which constitute the fundo, and evaluates the sustainability of the project. The study of the
Fundo Alejandro de Humboldt provides insight into the larger changes taking place in the Venezuelan countryside. From 2003 to 2008, the Fundo Zamorano Alejandro de Humboldt continuously increased its agricultural production. The greatest difficulties faced by the fundo originated in the lack of communication and coordination between the government and agricultural production units, and the continuously decreasing number of members per cooperative. At the time of this study the fundo was not yet sustainable requiring continuous technical and financial assistance.
ABSTRACT: Abstract of Thesis Presented to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Arts AGRARIAN REFORM IN VENEZUELA: CASE STUDY OF A FUNDO ZAMORANO IN THE STATE OF MONAGAS By Alfonso José Sintjago Cordova August 2009 Chair: Carmen Diana Deere Major: Latin American studies After previous unsuccessful attempts in bringing about agrarian reform, the current Venezuelan administration is attempting to improve the conditions of the campesino through the expropriation of large idle land holdings and their redistribution to landless peasants. Through the agrarian reform the government of Hugo Chávez is also attempting to reduce its food import dependence. In 2005, Venezuela imported over 70% of their food stuffs while having the smallest agricultural sector in Latin America, 6% of their Gross Domestic Product. In an attempt to meet this goal and improve the living conditions of the rural poor, the government has implemented a number of initiatives to bring about land redistribution and rural development, known as misiones (missions). This study reviews the history of agrarian reform in Venezuela and describes the current agrarian reform of the government of Hugo Chávez and its achievements and limitations. It presents a case study of the Fundo Zamorano Alejandro de Humboldt in the state of Monagas, one of 85 Fundo Zamoranos nationally. Drawing on participant observation, interviews, and government data, the thesis analyzes the achievements and difficulties faced by the cooperatives which constitute the fundo, and evaluates the sustainability of the project. The study of the
Fundo Alejandro de Humboldt provides insight into the larger changes taking place in the Venezuelan countryside. From 2003 to 2008, the Fundo Zamorano Alejandro de Humboldt continuously increased its agricultural production. The greatest difficulties faced by the fundo originated in the lack of communication and coordination between the government and agricultural production units, and the continuously decreasing number of members per cooperative. At the time of this study the fundo was not yet sustainable requiring continuous technical and financial assistance.

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Published by: Alfonso J Sintjago on Jun 30, 2010
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09/18/2014

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1AGRARIAN REFORM IN VENEZUELA
:
CASE STUDY OF A FUNDO ZAMORANO INTHE STATE OF MONAGAS
 
ByALFONSO JOSÉ SINTJAGO CORDOVAA THESIS PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOLOF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENTOF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OFMASTER OF ARTSUNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA2009
 
2© 2009 Alfonso José Sintjago Cordova
 
3To my parents and my brother who have helped me and supported me through mystudies, without their help, particularly in the long nights and weekends invested in this research,this thesis would not have been possible, thank you for encouraging me to follow through withmy goals and aspirations

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