ECG Feature Extraction plays a significant role indiagnosing most of the cardiac diseases. One cardiac cycle in anECG signal consists of the P-QRS-T waves. This featureextraction scheme determines the amplitudes and intervals in theECG signal for subsequent analysis. The amplitudes andintervals value of P-QRS-T segment determines the functioningof heart of every human. Recently, numerous research andtechniques have been developed for analyzing the ECG signal.The proposed schemes were mostly based on Fuzzy LogicMethods, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Genetic Algorithm(GA), Support Vector Machines (SVM), and other SignalAnalysis techniques. All these techniques and algorithms havetheir advantages and limitations. This proposed paper discussesvarious techniques and transformations proposed earlier inliterature for extracting feature from an ECG signal. In additionthis paper also provides a comparative study of various methodsproposed by researchers in extracting the feature from ECGsignal.
Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Cardiac Cycle, ECG signal, Feature Extraction, Fuzzy Logic, Genetic Algorithm(GA), and Support Vector Machines (SVM).
INTRODUCTIONThe investigation of the ECG has been extensively used for diagnosing many cardiac diseases. The ECG is a realisticrecord of the direction and magnitude of the electricalcommotion that is generated by depolarization and re- polarization of the atria and ventricles. One cardiac cycle in anECG signal consists of the P-QRS-T waves. Figure 1 shows asample ECG signal. The majority of the clinically usefulinformation in the ECG is originated in the intervals andamplitudes defined by its features (characteristic wave peaksand time durations). The improvement of precise and rapidmethods for automatic ECG feature extraction is of chief importance, particularly for the examination of longrecordings .The ECG feature extraction system provides fundamentalfeatures (amplitudes and intervals) to be used in subsequentautomatic analysis. In recent times, a number of techniqueshave been proposed to detect these features   . The previously proposed method of ECG signal analysis was basedon time domain method. But this is not always adequate tostudy all the features of ECG signals. Therefore the frequencyrepresentation of a signal is required. The deviations in thenormal electrical patterns indicate various cardiac disorders.Cardiac cells, in the normal state are electrically polarized .ECG is essentially responsible for patient monitoring anddiagnosis. The extracted feature from the ECG signal plays avital in diagnosing the cardiac disease. The development of accurate and quick methods for automatic ECG featureextraction is of major importance. Therefore it is necessarythat the feature extraction system performs accurately. The purpose of feature extraction is to find as few properties as possible within ECG signal that would allow successfulabnormality detection and efficient prognosis.
Figure.1 A Sample ECG Signal showing P-QRS-T Wave
In recent year, several research and algorithm have beendeveloped for the exertion of analyzing and classifying theECG signal. The classifying method which have been proposed during the last decade and under evaluation includesdigital signal analysis, Fuzzy Logic methods, Artificial Neural Network, Hidden Markov Model, Genetic Algorithm, SupportVector Machines, Self-Organizing Map, Bayesian and other method with each approach exhibiting its own advantages anddisadvantages. This paper provides an over view on varioustechniques and transformations used for extracting the featurefrom ECG signal. In addition the future enhancement gives ageneral idea for improvement and development of the featureextraction techniques.The remainder of this paper is structured as follows. Section2 discusses the related work that was earlier proposed inliterature for ECG feature extraction. Section 3 gives a generalidea of further improvements of the earlier approaches in ECG
ECG Feature Extraction Techniques - A SurveyApproach
S.Karpagachelvi, Dr.M.Arthanari, Prof. & Head,
,Doctoral Research Scholar, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Doctoral Research Scholar,Mother Teresa Women's University, Tejaa Shakthi Institute of Technology for Women, Anna University – Coimbatore,Kodaikanal, Tamilnadu, India. Coimbatore- 641 659, Tamilnadu, India. Tamilnadu, Indiaemail :email@example.com:firstname.lastname@example.org :email@example.com
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 1, April 201076http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500