Sudden collapse in the centre of a massive star triggers the explosive ejection of much of thestar into space, together with a flood of neutrons. Remnants of hundreds of supernovae have been found, and world witnessed one in the Magellanic Clouds in 1987.we can calculate the abundances of U-235 and U-238 at the time the Earth was formed.Knowing further that the production ratio of U-235 to U-238 in a supernova is about 1.65, wecan calculate that if all of the uranium now in the solar system were made in a singlesupernova, this event must have occurred some 6.5 billion years ago.The present-day abundance of uranium in the 'depleted' mantle exposed on the ocean floor isabout 0.004 ppm. The continental crust, on the other hand, is relatively enriched in uranium atsome 1.4 ppm.
THINGS TO KNOW INTERESTING FACTS
Since 2.5 billion years ago oredeposits of uranium have beenformed primarily on earth wherereduction of uranium-bearing fluidswas achieved, for example by bacteria or through contact withgraphitic shales
The half-life of uranium-238 is about4.47 billion years and that of uranium-235 is 704 million years,making them useful in dating the ageof the Earth
Cosmologists believed that multiplesupernovae from over 6 billion toabout 200 million years ago wereresponsible of today’s uranium onearth.
Theory that much of the uranium inthe primordial planet sunk to thecore and has formed a core there,some 8 km across, which has beenfissioning ever since,called as
HISTORY OF URANIUM
Uranium was found in 1789 by the German chemist
in his laboratory inBerlin. While he was working in his experimental laboratory in Berlin in 1789, Klaproth wasable to precipitate a yellow compound (likely sodium diuranate) by dissolving pitchblende innitric acid and neutralizing the solution with sodium hydroxide.In 1841,
, Professor of Analytical Chemistry at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (Central School of Arts and Manufactures) in Paris, isolated thefirst sample of uranium metal by heating uranium tetrachloride with potassium
Antoine Henri Becquerel
discovered radioactivity by using uranium in 1896.Becquerel madethe discovery in Paris by leaving a sample of a uranium salt, K
, on top of anunexposed photographic plate in a drawer and noting that the plate had become 'fogged. Hedetermined that a form of invisible light or rays emitted by uranium had exposed the plate.