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1489_1

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Published by: Mohammad Intikhab Alam on Jul 01, 2010
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IS 1489
(
Part 1 ) : 1991
(
am
@mJr
)
Indian
Standard
PORTLAND-POZZOLANACEMENT-SPECIPICATION
PART 1 FLY ASH BASED(
Third Revision )
First Reprint MARCH 1993UDC 666*944-Z!
: -666’952’2Q BIS
1991
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARGNEW DELHI 110002
May
1991
Price Croup 4
( Reaffirmed 2005 )
 
Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee, CED 2FOREWORDThis Indian Standard ( Part 1 ) ( Third Revision .) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards,after the draft finalized by the Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee had beenapproved bythe Civil Engineering Division Council.Portland-pozzolana cement can be produced either by grinding together Portland cement clinkerand pozzolana with addition of gypsum or calcium sulphate, or by intimately and uniformlyblending Portland cement and fine, pozzolana.While grinding of the two materials togetherpresents no difficulty, the mixing of dry powders intimately is extremely difficult. The blendingmethod should, therefore, be resorted to only when the grinding method is impossible or provesuneconomical, in a particular case. Where blending method is adopted, every care should be takento see that the blending is as intimate as possible. Generally,if the blending is not uniform, it isreflected in the performance tests.The Sectional
:
Committee responsible for the preparation ofthis specification is of the opinion that the blending method should be confined to such factories/works where intimate and uniform blending is feasible with the employment of requisitemachinery so as to ensure uniformity of product and its guaranteed performance.Portland-pozzolana cement produces less heat of hydration and offers greater resistance to theattack of aggressive waters than normal Portland cement.Moreover, it reduces the leaching ofcalcium hydroxide liberated during the setting and hydration of cement. It is particularly usefulin marine and hydraulic construction and other mass concrete structures. Portland-pozzolanacement can generally be used wherever 33 grade ordinary Portland cement is usable under normalconditions. However, it should be appreciated that all pozzolanas need not necessarily contributeto strength at early ages. In view of this fact, this specification has been prepared to enablemanufacturers to produce PortJand-pozzolana cement equivalent to 33 grade ordinary Portlandcement on ihe basis of the 3, 7 and 2%days compressive strength.For construction of structures using rapid construction methods like slipform construction,Portland-pozzolana cement shall be used with caution since 4 to 6h strength of concrete isconsidered significant in such construction.This standard was first published in 1962 and subsequently revised in 1967 and 1976. In thisrevision the standard has been split into two parts based on the pozzolana used in the manufactureof such cements in view of the special needs of some hydraulic structures which require pozzolanacement manufactured only with fly ash pozzolana,This would also enable the user to identifythe pozzolana used in the manufacture of cement. Part I of this standard covers pozzolana cementmanufactured by using only fly ash pozzolana and Part 2 covers pozzolana cement manufac-tured by using either calcined clay or a mixture of calcincd clay and fly ash as pozzolana.In this revision both chemical and physical requirements have been kept the same as was givenin 1976 version of this standard as amended.Various rcquiremrnts of Portland-pozzolanacement given in 1976 version oi thisstandard had been modified from time to time byissuing amendments based on the experience gained with the use of the standard and therequirements of the users and also 1teepin.gin view raw materials and fuel available in thecountry for manufacture of cement.The Important amendments include lowering the valueof compressive strength in lime reactivity test from 5 MPa to 4 MPn, incorporating a value of3-days compressive strength as 16 MPa, modifying the requirement of sulphuric anhydride (SOS)and insoluble residue, deleting the requirement of pozzolanicity test, increasing the value of 28-days compressive strength from 31 MPa to 33 MPa, making autoclave soundness test compulsoryirrespective of the magnesia content in cement, incorporating a provision for retest in respect ofautoclave soundness test after aeration of the cement, incorporating a clause on false set of cementand permitting packaging of cement in 25 kg bags.All these amendments have been taken careof in this revision.Mass of cement packed in bags and the tolerancerequirements for the mass of cement packed inbags shall be in accordance wrth the relevant provisions of the
Standards of Whghts and Measures( Packaged Commodities ) Rules, 1977
and B-l.2 (see Annex B ). Any modification in these rulesin respect of tolerance on mass of cement would apply automatically to this standard.This siandard contains clauses 4.1.4, 4.2 and 12.4.1 which permit the purchaser to use his optionand 10.2. 1 and 10. 3 call for agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.The composition of the technical committee responsible for the formulation of this standard isgiven in Annex C.For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with,the final value, observed or calculated,rressing the result of a test, shall be rounded off inaccrdance witn IS 2
:
1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical values (
revised )‘.
The numberof significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specifiedvalue in this standard.
 
IS
1489 ( Part 1 )
:
1991
Indian Standard
PORTLAND-POZZOLANA CEMENT -SPECIFICATION
PART 1 FLY ASH BASED(
Third Revision )
1 SCOPE
This standard ( Part 1 ) covers the manufacture,physical and chemical requirements of Portland-pozzolana cement using only fly ash pozzolana.2
REFERENCES
The Indian Standards listed in Annex A arenecessary adjuncts to this standard.3
TERMINOLOGY
For the purpose of this standard, the definitionsgiven in IS 4845
:
1968 and the following shallapply.3.1
Pozzolma
An essentially silicious material which while initself possessing little or no cementitious pro-perties will, in finely divided form and in thepresence of water, react with calcium hydroxideat ambient temperature to form compoundspossessing cementitious properties. The termincludes natural volcanic material havingpozzolanic properties as also other natural andartificial materials, such as diatomaceous earth,calcined clay and fly ash.3.2
Portland Clinker
Clinker, consisting mostly of calcium silicates,obtained by heating to incipient fusion, a pre-determined and homogeneous mixture ofmaterials princi7ally containing lime ( CaO )and silica ( SiOlwith a smaller proportion ofalumina ( AlsOI ) and iron oxide ( Fe,O* ).3.3
Portland-Pozzolaoa Cement
An intimately interground mixture of Portlandclinker and pozzolana with the possible additionof gypsum ( natural or chemical ) or an intimateand uniform blending of Portland cement andfine pozzolana.4
RAW MATERIAL4.1 Pozzolrna
4.1.1 Fly ash used in the manufacture ofPortland-pozzolana cement shall conform toIS 3812
:
1981 subject to the requirementsspecified in
4.1.2
and 4.1.3.1
4.1.2
Fineness and average compressive strengthin lime reactivity of fly ash that is to be blendedwith finished Portland cement to producePortland-pozzolana cement, when tested inaccordance with the procedure specified inIS 1727
:
1967, shall not be less than 320 mq/kgand 4’0 MPa respectively. Average compressivestrength in lime reactivity test of such fly ashshall be carried out at the fineness at whichpozzolana has been received for blending.4.1.3 Average compressive strength in limereactivity of fly ash that is to be intergroundwith Portland cement clinker for manufactureof Portland-pozzolana cement shall not be lessthan 4’0 .MPa when tested at the fineness ofPortland-pozzolana cement manufactured out ofit or at the fineness in ‘as-received’ condition,whichever is greater, in accordance with theprocedure specified in IS 1727
:
1967.4.1.4 The purchaser shall have the right, if heso desires to obtain samples of fly ash used inthe manufacture of Portland-pozzolana cementfor purposes of checking its conformity to therequirements specified in 4.1.1 to 4.1.3.4.2 Portland
Cement Clinker
The Portland cement clinker used in themanufacture of Portland-pozzolanacementshall comply in all respects with the chemicalrequirements of IS 269 : 1989 and the purchaserhave the right, if he so desires to obtainsample of the clinker used in the manufacturefor purposes of checking its conformity toIS 269 : 1989.4.3
Portland Cements
Portland cement for blending with fly ash shallconform to IS 269 : 1989.4.4 Other AdmixtaresWhen Portland-pozzolana cement is obtainedby grinding fly ash with Portland cement clinker,no material other than gypsum ( natural orchemical ) or water or both, shall be added.Such air-entraining agents or surfactants whichhave been proved harmless may be added inquantities not exceeding one percent.5 MANUFACTUREPorland-pozzolana cement shall be manufacturedeither by intimately mtergrinding Portland

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