Cylinder Upsetting with Plastic and Friction Heat Generation
This example demonstrates the thermal-mechanical coupling capability and the use of 'user subroutine' feature in MD- Nastran. It simulates a cylinder upsetting process considering the heat generation due to plastic heating and frictionaleffects. The mechanical and heat transfer analysis are handled in a staggered manner. While the mechanical analysiscomputes the deformation behavior considering the frictional effects and the plastic heating, the thermal behavior of the problem is analyzed in the heat transfer analysis. The model is created based on the literature (please see reference[1.]) and the results are compared with the experiments.
The model is set up as an axi-symmetric, thermal-mechanical coupled problem. The cylinder is modeled using axi-symmetric elements and half symmetry is considered in modeling (shown inFigure73-2). Punch is assumed to be arigid body. The model will be analyzed with friction to show the combined effect of heat generation due to plasticdeformation and the friction between punch and workpiece. The conversion factor from plastic work and friction work to the heat source is 0.9. Some heat loss due to the release of dislocations and due to the lubrication is considered.
The cylinder is modeled using nonlinear axi-symmetric element. Axi-symmetric elements are selected using
entry pointing to a
entry which in turn, points to an auxiliary
entry as shown below.
entryspecifies additional nonlinear properties for axi-symmetric elements. By choosing
option, implicit structural andheat elements are referred. Second line of
entry specifies element behavior and integration scheme for structural and heat pass. By selecting element structural behavior as
, an incompressible axi-symmetric elementformulation is used.
...CTRIAX 1 1 91 1 92CTRIAX 2 1 91 92 93CTRIAX 3 1 94 2 1......PLPLANE 1 1PSHLN2 1 1 1+ C3 IAX L AXSOLID L
Punch is modeled using four 2D NURBS.
BCBODY 101 2D RIGID 0.65 1 0HEAT 4. 293. 1RIGID 4 punchNURBS2D -2 2 500.0 15. 16. 15.1. 1.0.0 0.0 1. 1....