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Unit - 4

Unit - 4

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Published by vlucknow

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Published by: vlucknow on Jul 02, 2010
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09/10/2010

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Unit – 4Gear Generation & Non-TraditionalMachining Processes
Manufacturing of Gears
Basic purpose of GearsGears are widely used in various mechanisms and devices to transmit power and motion positively (without slip) between parallel,intersecting (axis) or non-intersecting non parallel shafts,1• without change in the direction of rotation2• with change in the direction of rotation3• without change of speed (of rotation)4• with change in speed at any desired ratioOften some gearing system (rack – and – pinion) is also used totransform rotary motion into linear motion and vice-versa
 
Features of Spur gear General Applications Of GearsGears of various type, size and material are widely used in severalmachines and systems requiring
 
 positive and stepped drive. The major applications are:
1
Speed gear box, feed gear box and some other kinematicunits of machine tools
2
• Speed drives in textile, jute and similar machineries
3
• Gear boxes of automobiles
4
• Speed and / or feed drives of several metal forming machines5• Machineries for mining, tea processing etc.
 
6• Large and heavy duty gear boxes used in cement industries,sugar industries, cranes, conveyors etc.7• Precision equipments, clocks and watches8• Industrial robots and toys.Types Of Gears And Their CharacteristicsGears are broadly classified
1
(a)According to configuration 
1External gear 2Internal gear Configuration of external and internal gears1

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