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Batteries

Batteries

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Published by sukalyan_g6864
discussion about lead acid batteries
discussion about lead acid batteries

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Published by: sukalyan_g6864 on Jul 02, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/02/2012

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Lead Acid Batteries
+
-
Lead Peroxide(brown colour plate)Lead(greyplate)
negativeionsSOPositiveionshydrogen
dilute sulphuricacidOxygen andhydrogennon-returnvent
PbO
2
+ Pb + 2 H
2
SO
4
= PbSO
4
+ 2 H
2
O + PbSO
4
 
 
Battery Data
a) Nominal voltage per cell -2 V
 
b) Charge state -2.15 Vc) Discharge -1.75 VThe reading is not reliable when the battery is not connected to a load.Water is formed when the battery discharges. Hence the specific gravityreduces.Charged state -1.28Discharged state -1.125 The state of charge of the battery can be checked by using a hydrometer whichmeasures the specific gravity of the electrolyte.
 
 
 Nickel Cadmium Batteries
+
-
NickelhydrateCadmiumOxygen andhydrogenPotassiumhydroxidesolution
Negative OHions
non-returnvent
2 Ni (OH)
3
+ Cd = 2 Ni (OH)
2
+ Cd(OH)
2
 

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