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PROPRIETARY MATERIAL

. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No partof this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual,you are using it without permission.

Chapter 17, Problem 1.

Evaluate each of the following functions and see if it is periodic. If periodic, find its period.(a)

t t t t f

5cos33cos2cos)(

π π π

++=

(b)

y

(

t

) = sin

t

+ 4 cos 2

π

t(c)

g

(

t

) = sin 3

t

cos 4

t

(d)

h

(

t

) =

t

2

cos(e)

z

(

t

) = 4.2 sin(0.4

π

t

+ 10º)+ 0.8 sin(0.6

π

t

+ 50º)(f)

p

(

t

) = 10(g)

q

(

t

) =

t

e

π

−

Chapter 17, Solution 1.

(a) This is

periodic

with

ω

=

π

which leads to T = 2

π

/

ω

=

2

.(b) y(t) is

not periodic

although sin t and 4 cos 2

π

t are independently periodic.(c)

Since sin A cos B = 0.5[sin(A + B) + sin(A – B)],g(t) = sin 3t cos 4t = 0.5[sin 7t + sin(–t)] = –0.5 sin t + 0.5 sin7twhich is harmonic or

periodic

with the fundamental frequency

ω

= 1 or T = 2

π

/

ω

=

2

π

.

(d) h(t) = cos

2

t = 0.5(1 + cos 2t). Since the sum of a periodic function anda constant is also

periodic

, h(t) is periodic.

ω

= 2 or T = 2

π

/

ω

=

π

.(e) The frequency ratio 0.6|0.4 = 1.5 makes z(t)

periodic

.

ω

= 0.2

π

or T = 2

π

/

ω

=

10

.(f) p(t) = 10 is

not periodic

.(g) g(t) is

not periodic

.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL

. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No partof this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual,you are using it without permission.

Chapter 17, Problem 2.

Using MATLAB, synthesize the periodic waveform for which the Fourier trigonometric Fourier series is

⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛ ⋅⋅⋅+++−=

t t t t f

5cos2513cos91 cos421)(

2

π

Chapter 17, Solution 2.

The function f(t) has a DC offset and is even. We use the following MATLAB code to plot f(t). The plot is shown below. If more terms are taken, the curve is clearly indicatinga triangular wave shape which is easily represented with just the DC component andthree, cosinusoidal terms of the expansion.for n=1:100tn(n)=n/10;t=n/10;y1=cos(t);y2=(1/9)*cos(3*t);y3=(1/25)*cos(5*t);factor=4/(pi*pi);y(n)=0.5- factor*(y1+y2+y3);end plot(tn,y)

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL

. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No partof this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual,you are using it without permission.

Chapter 17, Problem 3.

Give the Fourier coefficients

a

0

,

a

n

, and

b

n

of the waveform in Fig. 17.47. Plot theamplitude and phase spectra.

Figure 17.47

For Prob. 17.3.

Chapter 17, Solution 3.

T = 4,

ω

o

= 2

π

/T =

π

/2g(t) = 5, 0 < t < 110, 1 < t < 20, 2 < t < 4a

o

= (1/T)

∫

T0

dt)t(g = 0.25[

∫

10

dt5 +

∫

21

dt10] =

3.75

a

n

= (2/T)

∫

ω

T0o

dt)tncos()t(g= (2/4)[

∫

π

10

dt)t2ncos(5+

∫

π

21

dt)t2ncos(10]= 0.5[

10

t2nsinn25

ππ

+

21

t2nsinn210

ππ

] = (–1/(n

π

))5 sin(n

π

/2)a

n

=

(5/(n

π

))(–1)

(n+1)/2

, n = odd0, n = even

b

n

= (2/T)

∫

ω

T0o

dt)tnsin()t(g= (2/4)[

∫

π

10

dt)t2nsin(5+

∫

π

21

dt)t2nsin(10]= 0.5[

10

t2ncosn5x2

ππ−

–

21

t2ncosn10x2

ππ

] =

(5/(n

π

))[3 – 2 cos n

π

+ cos(n

π

/2)]

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