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Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction

Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction

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This is a theory manual helpful for research work
This is a theory manual helpful for research work

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12/13/2012

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Conduction Heat Transfer
10-1
10-6 10-38, 10-48, 10-57, 10-70, 10-71, 10-78, 10-9210-117, 10-121, 10-15311-1
11-2 11-14, 11-19, 11-39, 11-45, 11-53, 11-91
Fourier Law of Heat Conduction
x=0xxx+ x
D
x=LinsulatedQ
x
Q
x+ x
D
gA
∂ ∂x
k∂T ∂x


 
longitudinalconduction
+ ˙
g

internalheat generation
=
ρC ∂T ∂t





thermalinertia
Special Cases
1. Multidimensional Systems:
Thegeneralconductionequationcanbeextendedtothreedimen-sional Cartesian systems as follows:
∂ ∂x
k∂T ∂x
+
∂ ∂y
k∂T ∂y
+
∂ ∂z
k∂T ∂z
+ ˙
g
=
ρC ∂T ∂t
2. Constant Properties:
If we assume that properties are independent of temperature, then theconductivity can be taken outside the derivative1

k
∂
2
∂x
2
+
∂
2
∂y
2
+
∂
2
∂z
2
+ ˙
g
=
ρC ∂T ∂t
2
+˙
gk
=1
α∂T ∂t
where
=
del operator
∂ ∂x
+
∂ ∂y
+
∂ ∂z
α
=
thermal diffusivity
kρC
If
t
then all terms
∂ ∂t
0
2
=
˙
gk
Poisson’s Equation
4. No Internal Heat Generation:
2
= 0
Laplace’s Equation2

Thermal Resistance Networks
Resistances in Series
Conditions for 1-D heat ﬂow through a plane wall include:
constant cross sectional area,
A
steady ﬂow conditionsThe total heat ﬂow across the system can be written as
˙
Q
=
1
2
total
where
total
=
4
i
=1
i
The heat ﬂow rate is sometimes written in terms of an overall heat transfer coefﬁcient,
˙
Q
=
UA
(
1
2
)
where
UA
=1
total
=11
h
1
A
+
L
2
k
2
A
+
L
3
k
3
A
+1
h
4
A
3