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Dirty Metals Introduction

Dirty Metals Introduction

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Published by: DEFENDERS OF WILDLIFE on Jul 03, 2010
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07/02/2010

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DirtyMetals
Mining,Communities and the Environment
A Report by Earthworks and Oxfam America
 
Table of Contents
About This Report
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
page
1From Open Pit to Wedding Ring: How Gold is Produced
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2Ruined Lands, Poisoned Waters
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4Facts on the Ground: The Ok Tedi Mine
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7Close-Up: Your Computer
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8Acid Mine Drainage: Pollution on a Millennial Scale
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9Facts on the Ground: The Yanacocha Mine
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10Tambogrande and Esquel:Two Communities Stand up to the Companies
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11Pouring Energy and Water into a Bottomless Pit
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12Close-Up: An Aluminum Can
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13Mining the Parks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14Map: Mining Hotspots
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16Endangering Communities
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18How Mining Injures Women
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21The Toll on Indigenous Peoples
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22Facts on the Ground: The Western Shoshone People
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23Undermining the Rights and Safety of Workers
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24Small-Scale Mining, Large-Scale Risk
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25Metals and the Wealth of Nations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27Close-Up: Your Cell Phone
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28Paying for the Clean-Up: No Guarantees
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29Towards a Saner Strategy
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30Notes
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
Copyright © Earthworks, Oxfam America, 2004. Reproduction is permitted for educational ornon-commercial purposes, provided credit is given to Earthworks and Oxfam America.Cover photo credits:Jeff Atkinson/Oxfam Australia, CONACAMI, Tibor Kocsis, Earthworks
 
About this Report
1
The Metals Mining Industry
A FewHighlights:
About This Report
The purpose ofthis report is to show you how much metal there is in your life—from the gold in your jewelry to the aluminum in your automobile—and to explain how it was produced.Ifyou live in the United States, your annual consumption of“newly-mined”minerals (as opposed to those produced from recycling) comes to21 metric tons*—just over 57 kilos a day.
1
This report will show you what lies behind that stupendous lode of copper and tantalum,gold and platinum.We’ll explain how the mining ofthese and other metals damageslandscapes,pollutes water,and poisons people.We’ll show you why modern,industrial mining is one oftheworld’s most destructive industries.And finally,we’ll show you what we as consumers and concerned citizenscan do to clean it up.
*All references to tons in this report are to metric tons.
96 percent of US arsenicemissions
50 percent of all newly minedgold taken from native lands
Groundwater thousandsof times more acid thanbattery acid
Implication in human rightsabuses
79 tons of mine waste forevery ounce of gold
Employs only 0.09 percentof the global workforce
Up to 10 percent of worldenergy consumption
Craters blasted into officiallyprotected natural areas
Tintaya mine, Peru
Photo: CONACAMI

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