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Inkscape Book

Inkscape Book

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Published by bookstore5
Guide and manual to using inkscape.
Guide and manual to using inkscape.

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Published by: bookstore5 on Jul 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/11/2013

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About Inkscape
Inkscape
 
is an
 
open source
 
drawing tool for creating and editing
 
SVG
 
graphics. More than justa text
 
vector editor
, Inkscape provides a
 
WYSIWYG
 
interface for manipulation of 
 
vectorimages
, allowing the artist to express himself freely. While other free and proprietary softwarewith similar capabilities exists, Inkscape provides an interface to directly manipulate theunderlying SVG code. This allows one to be certain that the code complies to
 
W3C
 
standards.Since the beginning of its development, the Inkscape project has been very active, providingstability for the current software and the capacity for future growth.Like other drawing programs, Inkscape offers creation of basic shapes (such as ellipses,rectangles, stars, polygons, and spirals) as well as the ability to transform and manipulate thesebasic shapes by
 
rotation
,
 
stretching,
and
 
skewing
.Inkscape also allows users to manipulate objects precisely by adjusting
 
node points
 
and curves.Advanced artists find these functions indispensable in drawing software to freely create whatthey imagine.A user can either manipulate the properties of objects individually and precisely throughthe
 
XML
 
editor or, in a more general and intuitive fashion, with input devices such as mice, pentablets, and even touch screens.In addition, Inkscape allows one to insert text and
 
bitmaps
 
(such as
 
PNG
 — 
another W3Crecommended bitmap image format) into an image, as well as perform some basic editingfunctions on them. If an artist requires further bitmap editing, he may use other tools (such asthe
 
GIMP
) on images before or after importing them . If one does edit a linked bitmap inanother program, Inkscape will reflect these changes once the SVG file is reloaded.
 
All of these characteristics make Inkscape a model drawing application, especially consideringits flexibility and many other capabilities. Its strict compliance with the W3C SVG standardsallows excellent portability of images to many applications and the varying platforms on whichthese applications run.
 
About SVG
Those who work with graphics for internet use know the problems inherent to publishing imageson the web. Traditionally, the only options for use in internet documents were
 
bitmap
 
images(such as
 
JPG
 
or
 
GIF
), with the disadvantage that these images are either too large for quick transfer or of poor quality due to high compression.As a solution to this problem,
 
Macromedia
 
created the
 
Flash
 
image format. While Flashsatisfactorily solved the main problems inherent to bitmap images, some users found itunacceptable that they depended solely on Macromedia to develop the file format and softwarefor the internet-standard
 
vector format
. In order to address this discontent and provide an openoption for vector graphics, the
 
W3C
 
created the
 
SVG
 
file format, making a freely usable vectorformat available to everyone.For most image files, only the specific software that renders the actual image can read them.SVG, however, is described in
 
XML
 
and
 
CSS
, and its files can be opened and edited in
 
any
 
ASCII
 
text editor. Though one could create SVG images in this manner, it is highlyunproductive and unintuitive. SVG editors and renderers have the ability to easily open andmanipulate SVG files without a special interpreter.
Objectives of the SVG Format
The advantages of SVG are the same as for any vector image. They offer smooth, crisp, high-quality images with the ability to resize to any dimensions without diminishing quality, allimpossible with bitmap images. The SVG standard also defines animation, and with a little useof 
 
Javascript
, one can make SVG interactive. Finally, since SVG is written in XML, a designercan create graphics based on data stored in other XML-based formats, such as graphs, charts andmaps. Despite its benefits, SVG lacks a large choice in usable software that takes full advantageof its capabilities. For this reason, SVG is not as usable, at the moment, as Flash.
The Current State of SVG Software
Today, a number of software applications, both free and proprietary, can create SVG files:Inkscape, Sketch/Skencil, sK1, Karbon14, xfig, Adobe Illustrator, Corel Draw, Xara, and anyASCII text editor.Although not well supported by most web browsers, Mozilla (Firefox, Netscape) and otherbrowsers such as Safari and Konqueror currently support a basic subset of SVG, and InternetExplorer uses plugins (i.e. Renesis) which support most of the SVG standard. Amaya has goodsupport for SVG display, including animations, and can also perform basic editing tasks.
 
The Batik toolkit is a very useful tool for SVG display, and is often used as a reference forchecking SVG implementations.

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