Prof. S. Kannan
Director and DeanSikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical, and Technological Sciences
Board of Studies
Mr. C. Shanath Kumar, Mr. Shankar Jagannathan
Charirman, Former Group Treasurer,Head, Management & Commerce, Wipro Techmologies Limited,Sikkim Manipal University , DDE. Bangalore.
Dr. T.V. Narasimha Rao Mr. Pankaj Khanna,
Adjunct Faculty & Advisor, Director, HR, Fidelity Mutual Fund.SMU DDE, Bangalore-560008
Mr. Ashok Kumar, Mr. Abraham Mathew,
Additional Registrar, SMU, DDE. CFO, Infosys BPO.
Mr. M.K.N. Prasad, Mr. Sadhana Das
Controller of Examinations, SMU DDE. Senior Manager
HRMicrosoft India Corporation (Pvt) Ltd.
Prof. K.V.M. Varambally Special Invitee
Prof. Ramu Iyer
Manipal Institute of Management, Ex-ProfessorManipal
Content Preparation TeamContent Writing Peer Review ByProf. K.R. Anantha Prof. Shanath Kumar .CProf. Muzna Zafar SMU DEProf. Seetharam BangaloreBangaloreEdition: Spring 2009Printed: Spring 2009
This book is a distance education module comprising of collection of learning material forour students.All right reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced in any form by any meansWithout permission in writing form Sikkim Manipal University o f Health. Medical andTechnological Sciences, Gangtok, Sikkim.Printed and Published on behalf of Sikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical andTechnological Sciences, Gangtok, Sikkim by Mr. Rajkumar Mascreen , GM, ManipalUniversal Learning Pvt. Ltd., Manipal
576104. Printed at Manipal Press Limited, Manipal