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Central or Girth Gear Drive for Ball Mills - 1

Central or Girth Gear Drive for Ball Mills - 1

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Published by Vishnu Vardhan . C
About the Girth Gear used in ball mills
About the Girth Gear used in ball mills

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Published by: Vishnu Vardhan . C on Jul 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/09/2013

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-
C
E
N T
R
A
L
DRIVE
OR
GIRTH
GEAR
DRIVE
BY
W.
ACKLE
ZURICH
SWITZERLAND
Introduction
.
For medium and high capacity cement mills particularly, this question presents itselfto the cement manufacturer again
and
again.Alongside the purely economic considerations
it
is
often necessary to also view thesituation deriving from the competitive strenght of the mill builder.Basically the assessment should be a realistic comparison of the differing featuresbetween central drive and girth gear drive with respect to reliability
and
economy.It
is
to be repeatedly noticed, however, that ideas concerning these points are oftenfar from complete, and are presented
in
widely different manners. These deficienciesbecome apparent when,
in
the event of damage Lncurred, calculative checks fail to re-veal
a
definite error.Drive systemGirth gear drive and central drive are mechanical systems designed to reduce the motorspeed to the working speed of the mill. Transmission is via gears.Gear units comprise basically
:
Fig.
1
-
rotating parts with shafts and gearsand
-
stationary parts,
i.
e
.
housings and bearings.
 
Figure
1:
Main elements of
a
gearbox and ideal tooth bearing pattern.Certainly the gear tooth design
is
probably the most important item. But the pos-ition of the plant shafts as governed by the housing design, the kind of connectionbetween the rotating parts, and the monitoring of the operating conditions are ofno mean significance.Power transmission by the rotating parts can only take place flawlessly
if
theseare held in optimum position
by
the housing during operation.
An
inadequate hous-ing jeopardizes the safety factor of the gearing. The latter is calculated to recog-nized formulae, and is referred exclusively to the gear teeth.The plant engineer,
on
the other hand, must judge the drive system as a whole.The difficulty lies in
taking
all influential factors into account and weighing themin correct proportion
in
the overall safety assessment.Strict difference is to be made between well known factors of influence, and suchothers as are discernible in their effect only, but of which the magnitudes areindefinable.
 
Modern gear parts do not wear
k
In contrast to other still widespread contentions, modern engineering can producegears and install them in mill drive units such that they are not to be regarded
as
wearing parts. But it is essential to case harden the tooth flanks and grind themwith the appropriate flank oorrections, and assure that the suitable conditions areattained for assembly and operation. Such conditions arc attained ideally with thecentraI drive planetary gear.With
a
girth gear
drive,
on the other hand, these conditions cannot
be
realized toa comparable extent.Gears can doubtless be regarded as non-wearing parts when, in
a
given construc-tion, clearly defined installation conditions, comparable operating and ambientconditions, they are virtually immune from such wear
as
can impair functioning,whatever their application.Wearing parts reduce the overall safety and efficienoy.
In
process engineering therefore the demand
is
for:
-
elimination or mtnimizing of wearing parts
-

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