The term was created by Manfred E. Clynes and Nathan S. Kline in 1960 to refer to their conceptionof an enhanced human being who could survive inextraterrestrial environments.
According to some definitions of the term, themetaphysical and physical attachments humanityhas with even the most basic technologies havealready made us cyborgs.
(a portmanteau of "functional"and "cyborg") was coined by Alexander Chislenkoto differentiate between the cyborgs of sciencefiction and the everyday ways humans extendthemselves using technologies such as contactlenses, hearing aids, and mobile phones.
ames Litten coined the term
todescribe the action or process of becoming acyborg.